Elamite - pannous/hieros Wiki

Elamite

see Elam Susa 𜎒𜑰𜎂 Sušina @ Iran
see Medes

susa-egypt.png
Near identical building plans of the early temples and very similar early Egyptian and Sumerian ceremonies clearly demonstrate that these are not mere trade-artefacts, but in fact proof of a common anchestry of both higher civilizations. The connection with Susa is even stronger (cultic items, decimal numbers, …).

Before Elamite and Cuneiform diverged they had a very close semantic and pictographic correspondences:

Both used Sexagesimal counting except for Animals and Slaves which were counted Decimal in Susa!

𒆳 𒊩𒆳 𒊩 were near identical signs for workeslaves (𒊩 missed the 𒁹 in Susa)
𒋡 KA 𓂓 was combined with 𒊩 and 𒆳 in Susa and had a similar form (and meaning) in Uruk
𒇻 𒈧 𒈦 had a similar 𒈦 sign for shee goats, 𒇻 with horns appears in both (Susa round without 𒈦)
Vessels looked similar and were both combined with 𒆳 and 𒆜 KASKAL 𜎲 𜎳 𜎴 cheese?
𓌸 ploughs looked slightly similar to 𓍁 ti , as did arrows 𒋾 (naturally)
𒀭 signified a low-status human in early Susa! Maybe as (¬high)servant, or as ethnic contrast to Uruk? (vs 𒈾!)

High status humans in Susa are tentative, abstract and have no equivalent in Uruk, one is combined with an animal, one looks a bit like 𔒴 another like 𐘃𓈙 in a box

Bisexagesimal numbering of grain products was similar

Unfortunately these common number tablets are absent from egypt, so that details of the common anchestries divergence are lost.

Download Linear-Elamite Font

Linear-Elamite Unicode range 0x1C380 … (vs private range 0XE000 for research) (preliminary, use representatives!)

𜎀 𜎁 𜎂 𜎃 𜎄 𜎅 𜎆 𜎇 𜎈 𜎉 𜎊 𜎋 𜎌 𜎍 𜎎 𜎏 𜎐 𜎑 𜎒 𜎓 𜎔 𜎕 𜎖 𜎗 𜎘 𜎙 𜎚 𜎛 𜎜 𜎝 𜎞 𜎟 𜎠 𜎡 𜎢 𜎣 𜎤 𜎥 𜎦 𜎧 𜎨 𜎩 𜎪 𜎫 𜎬 𜎭 𜎮 𜎯 𜎰 𜎱 𜎲 𜎳 𜎴 𜎵 𜎶 𜎷 𜎸 𜎹 𜎺 𜎻 𜎼 𜎽 𜎾 𜎿 𜏀 𜏁 𜏂 𜏃 𜏄 𜏅 𜏆 𜏇 𜏈 𜏉 𜏊 𜏋 𜏌 𜏍 𜏎 𜏏 𜏐 𜏑 𜏒 𜏓 𜏔 𜏕 𜏖 𜏗 𜏘 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜 𜏝 𜏞 𜏟 𜏠 𜏡 𜏢 𜏣 𜏤 𜏥 𜏦 𜏧 𜏨 𜏩 𜏪 𜏫 𜏬 𜏭 𜏮 𜏯 𜏰 𜏱 𜏲 𜏳 𜏴 𜏵 𜏶 𜏷 𜏸 𜏹 𜏺 𜏻 𜏼 𜏽 𜏾 𜏿 𜐀 𜐁 𜐂 𜐃 𜐄 𜐅 𜐆 𜐇 𜐈 𜐉 𜐊 𜐋 𜐌 𜐍 𜐎 𜐏 𜐐 𜐑 𜐒 𜐓 𜐔 𜐕 𜐖 𜐗 𜐘 𜐙 𜐚 𜐛 𜐜 𜐝 𜐞 𜐟 𜐠 𜐡 𜐢 𜐣 𜐤 𜐥 𜐦 𜐧 𜐨 𜐩 𜐪 𜐫 𜐬 𜐭 𜐮 𜐯 𜐰 𜐱 𜐲 𜐳 𜐴 𜐵 𜐶 𜐷 𜐸 𜐹 𜐺 𜐻 𜐼 𜐽 𜐾 𜐿 𜑀 𜑁 𜑂 𜑃 𜑄 𜑅 𜑆 𜑇 𜑈 𜑉 𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 𜑍 𜑎 𜑏 𜑐 𜑑 𜑒 𜑓 𜑔 𜑕 𜑖 𜑗 𜑘 𜑙 𜑚 𜑛 𜑜 𜑝 𜑞 𜑟 𜑠 𜑡 𜑢 𜑣 𜑤 𜑥 𜑦 𜑧 𜑨 𜑩 𜑪 𜑫 𜑬 𜑭 𜑮 𜑯 𜑰 𜑱 𜑲 𜑳 𜑴 𜑵 𜑶 𜑷 𜑸 𜑹 𜑺 𜑻 𜑼 𜑽 𜑾 𜑿 𜒀 𜒁 𜒂 𜒃 𜒄 𜒅 𜒆 𜒇 𜒈 𜒉 𜒊 𜒋 𜒌 𜒍 𜒎 𜒏 𜒐 𜒑 𜒒 𜒓 𜒔 𜒕 𜒖 𜒗 𜒘 𜒙 𜒚 𜒛 𜒜 𜒝 𜒞 𜒟 𜒠 𜒡 𜒢 𜒣 𜒤 𜒥 𜒦 𜒧 𜒨 𜒩 𜒪 𜒫 𜒬 𜒭 𜒮 𜒯 𜒰 𜒱 𜒲 𜒳 𜒴 𜒵 𜒶 𜒷 𜒸 𜒹 𜒺 𜒻 𜒼 𜒽 𜒾 𜒿 𜓀 𜓁 𜓂 𜓃 𜓄 𜓅 𜓆 𜓇 𜓈 𜓉 𜓊 𜓋 𜓌 𜓍 𜓎 𜓏 𜓐 𜓑 𜓒 𜓓 𜓔 𜓕 𜓖 𜓗 𜓘 𜓙 𜓚 𜓛 𜓜 𜓝 𜓞 𜓟 𜓠 𜓡 𜓢 𜓣 𜓤 extra: 𜓥 𜓦 𜓧 𜓨 𜓩 𜓪 𜓫 𜓬 𜓭 𜓰 𜓱 𜓲 𜓳 𜓴 𜓵 𜓶 𜓷 𜓸 𜓹 𜓺 𜓻 𜓼 𜓽 𜓾 𜓿 𜔀 𜔁 𜔂 𜔃 𜔄 𜔅 𜔆 𜔇
Currently ≈ 385 signs, up from 358

Cuneiform Syllabary representation and correspondences see bottom

Unmatched hapax:
external duplication ≈ internal?
𜒛 ≈ 𓎛 because horn 𓎛𓆰𓈖𓄏 ≈ 𜒚 ≈ 𓎛 ≈ θρίξ
𜏈 @ PE
𜔀
𜔁
𜓴 𜏧
𜓭
𜏉 𜏊
𜒶 𜒷 𜐗 ≠ 𜐔
𜒲 mo? ≈ 𜐛𜒲
𜒱 𜎫 le? leaves (leaf/leave)
𜒮 𜒯 to/šo
𜓫 𜓬 ≠ 𜐅 ? c ç ć !
𜓫 𜓬 ≈ 𜎶 𜎷 𜎸
𐠃 O 𐠄 U
𜑉 ≈ 𐘃𐘃 tr 𓇓𓇓 sh 𓇑𓇑 na
𜎺 𜎻 𜎵 𜎹 ≈ 𜎻 PE-M101
𜎜 ≈ 𜎟

𜐀 𜐁 ri 𜏵
𜑶 ŠE/SE? too subtle?
𜓗 𜓘 šo/šu too subtle ( 𜓘 missing?
𜏏 𜏝 to/tu too subtle? 𜓘≠𜏏 PROVEN!
𜐏 𜐐 su / se
𜐑 𜐒 𜐓 𜐗 su / se
𜐧 wi 𜐢 wa pair vs φi φa << pi pa 𜐣 pi₁ (sic)
𜐧 𜐢 𜐟 φi φa phaínō φαίνω "shine" vs crown!

overcrowded rows

While the I,I₂ and U,U₂ columns in Desset's schema can easily by split into I,E,U,O some fields are still overcrowded, unless they are variants:
𜎳 vs 𜑐
𜐻 vs 𜎮

𜏤 ma 𜏠 wa 𜏡 we ≠ 𜏥 za
𜏤 𜏠 𜏡 ⇔ ♂ ♀ ☿ ?
♂ ♀ ☿ ♃ ♄ ⇔ 𜐅 𜎼 𜎌 𜎆 𜑁

𜐣 py also has to be in the φi/wi column because it doesn't fit in the P column.
𜐻 𜎮 one of these might likely fit the vacant φo/wo spot for similar reasons

𓊪 ≈ 𜒙𜒓 φu/φo=:wu because 𓊪 , vacancy, 𜒓 pyramid/pyro/photo/lighthouse, compare
𓊪 ≈ 𜏠𜏡 φe ⇔ 𜎼 alpha 𐩰 fe in ancient south arabic, 𜎼 (al)φa as header
𜒙 •wu ≈ 𐊻 Carian letter UU 𐊻 pur 𐊭 tur 𜏌 kur 𐊽 K₂

𜎢𜎣 𒊑 𐋅 Carian letter II

Egyptian correspondences

𜑊
𜒔 𓉺 𜑙 𓎨 𜑜 𜑚 𜓒 pu₂ po py pillar pipe beduin 𓌔 bow flute 𓎨 both sides •bhnt 𓉥 𓊁 palace
𜑐 𓎨

Linear-Elamite Syllabary in ancient IAOUEH ≈ YHWH form

x I A O U 𜎇 ø ʿ
𜐅 𜎼 𜎌 𜎆 𜑁 𜎁•
Wᵠ 𜐧 𜐟 𜒓? 𜒙• 𜏡 𜎆
T 𜏧 𜏂 𜏏 𜏝 𜑠 𜎅
S 𜐰 𜒚 𜎏 𜏼 𜐐 𜑭
Š 𜑰 𜎊 𜓗 𜓘 𜑷𜑶 𜎗 𜑐!
𜑯 𜎽 𜏇 𜐾 𜎺 𜑐 𜎽 ha 𜎾 hal!
K 𜏌 𜐩 𜑳 𜐺 𜑤 𜐳 𜐲 𜐵 𜐶 Kappa :
P 𜎯 𜑾 𜑿 𜑹 𜒔 𜎩 𜐻 𜎮 𜐣 pi₁/•ᵠi:=wi 𜐧
M 𜓚 𜏠 𜎎 𜎷 𜎥 𜏩 𜏔
N 𜑊𜑎 𜎂 𜎝 𜎜 𜐪 𜒉 𜒇 𜑽
L 𜐕 𜎇 𜏻 𜏿 𜎫 𜓟
R 𜒋 𜏊 𜎢 𜏞 𜏵 𜏳
Z 𜑅? 𜏥 𜎄 𜑇 𜐇𜐎 𜒣

This table is still partially tentative and forced into our limited knowledge and cultural phonetic prejudice, that is: some reconstructed sounds are best approximations to our own system, while possibley fundamentally different. Fortunately chinese like tɕʰ… clusters seem to be absent.

Elamite (alpha-)syllabary in modern form 5*12 A E I₂ I O Ů U₁ U U₂
ø 𜎀 𜎼 a 𜑁 e 𜐅 i 𜎌 o 𜎆 u
b 𜐻𜎮 𜑾 ba 𜎩 be 𜎯 bi 𜑹 bo 𜒔 bu 𜐣 by/wy
c 𜒣 𜏥 ca 𜐇 ce 𜐎 ci 𜎄 c2 𜑇 cu
d 𜎅 𜏂 da 𜑠 de 𜏧𜏨 di 𜏏 do 𜏝 du
ḫ 𜎳𜑐 𜎽 ḫa 𜎺 ḫe 𜑯 ḫi 𜏇 ḫo 𜐾 ḫu 𜎾 hal
k 𜐳𜐲𜐶 𜐩 ka 𜑤 ke 𜏌 ki 𜑳 kū 𜐺 ku
l 𜓟 𜎇 la 𜎫 le 𜐕 li 𜏻 lo 𜏿 lu
m 𜏔 𜏠 ma 𜎥𜎦 me 𜓚 mi 𜎎𜎐 mo 𜎷ƒ mu
n 𜒉𜒇 𜎂 na 𜐪 ne 𜑊𜑎 ni 𜎝 no 𜎜 nu
p 𜐻𜎮 𜑾 pa 𜎩 pe 𜎯 pi 𜑹 po 𜒔 pu 𜐣 py
r 𜏳 𜏊 ra 𜒋 re 𜏵 ri 𜎢 ro 𜏞 ru
s 𜑭 𜒚 sa 𜑶 se 𜐰 si 𜎒 so 𜏼 su
š 𜎗 𜎊 ša 𜑷 še 𜑰 šr 𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu 𜑐 iš/ich
t 𜎅 𜏂 ta 𜑟𜑠 te 𜏧 ti 𜏏 to 𜏝 tu
vᵠ 𜎁 𜎼 va 𜑁 ve 𜐅 vi 𜎌 vo 𜒓? vu
w 𜎆 𜐟 wa 𜏡 we 𜐣 wi 𜏡 wo 𜒙• wu
z 𜒣 𜏥 za 𜐇 ze 𜐎 ci 𜎄 zo 𜑇 zu

Numbers in Elamite are unknown. Candidates: 𜓂 𜓃 𜓄 𜓅 𜓆 𜓇 𜓈 𜓉 𜓊 𜓋 𜓌 𜓍
The Syllabary itself uses very Mesopotamian numbers though: 5 vowels * 12 consonants = 60 syllables the proven basis of Proto-Elamite number tablets. Speculation: The external 5 'heavenly' vowels and 12 alphabetic signs may correspond to the 5 planets and 12 months/zodiacs/gods. Sun and Moon dont fit in this schema exept for the extra 'zero' whole. 0≈ø≈𓇳

Counting sheep UDU. IDIM .MES 𒇻𒅂𒈨𒌍 Widder = "planets" ( Akkadian bibbu ≈ 𒅂 )

3 𒀯 "Three Stars Each" per zodiac relevance?
5 planets
6 work days (modern concept), important multiplier in Sexagesimal system!
7 celestial bodies (planets, sun and moon)
10 Decans (36 decans)
12 dozen consonants (times two via ligature??)
12 zodiacs 𒀯 star groups (34) not attested until 1000BC **
12 year orbit of Jupiter along the ecliptic, used to define Babylonian zodiacs
13 cursed number (mixing 12 consonants with holy vocal row)
36 Egyptian decans form a year ( 6
6 / 312 / 310+6 )
60 A bi-monthly period of 60 days (six decans) constitutes a half-season ( minutes in hour )
100 𓅱 𓏲 10 decans, significance? counting 𓅱 Animals and Slaves.
360 Six half-seasons + 5 gods constitute a year ( seconds in hour )

** Sumerian or an Elamite(!) origin for these Babylonian constellations was proposed

The best evidence for early Mesopotamian constellations and star names still remains with texts dated to the 2nd-millennium BCE (circa 1800 BCE). There is no evidence of any established system of any of astral omens or astronomy in the Sumerian sources. There are no cuneiform texts from the 3rd-millennium BCE containing records of astronomical observations. However, the eminent assyriologist Hermann Hunger ("The Cultic Calendars of the Ancient Near East." in The Journal of the American Oriental Society, October-December, 1996) states: "While there is no doubt that the sky was observed in Sumerian times for the purpose of omens and probably also in connection with cultic actions, this is not astronomy, which involves measuring and computing." Systematic astronomical observations are not indicated as being part of Sumerian tradition. Their cosmology contains mythic elements. The extent to which Sumerian myths related to astronomical objects i.e., planets, remains uncertain.

Moon God

𓎟 ≈ 𓋞 ≈ Nabu / 𒈾𒀊𒅕 napir "god" 𒀭 in Elamite!
𓎟 ≈ 𓇹 @ 𜎂𜎯𜒋 𒈾 𒎕 napir "moon" / "god" 𒀭𒌗 𓇺
𓎟 ≈ 𓇳 @ 𜎂𜎯𜏳𜒋𜎊 Napirriša "Great God" 𒀭𒌓
𓋞 ≈ ☿ 𒀭𒀝 Nabû "Mercury" •Ñabu ≈ •Ǧabu : ?
𓇼 ≈ ☿ 𓋴 𓃀 𓎼 𓅱 "Mercury" ≈ 𓋴 𓃀 𓇼 𓏤 "star"

𒀭☿ 𒀭𒀝 Mercury Nabury

𒀭♂ 𒀭𒌋𒌋 = 𒀭𒉽 = Mars

𒌗 ≈ 𒎕 PIR is similar to late forms of the sun sign:
𒌓 ≈ 𒑊𒁹 para päivä (sun)

𒎕 PIR, essence of "moon" ☾ ☽ see 𜑾 𜑿 𜑹 pa po 🌗 🌓 also see perihel perifery π

𒉿𒂖 pi-el piel "year" 𒊩+ mun+si ≈ 𒋜 su₄ sun + moon
𒁁𒌌 bel; ; be-ul Baal

Nahunte The Shining (Sun)

𒈾𒄷𒋼 na-hu-te ⇔ ANᵃʰUTU 𒀭𒌓
𒈾𒄴𒄷𒌦𒋼 na-ˢh-hu-un-te √𒄷𒌦 shine ≈ sun
𒈾𒄭𒋾 ; ; na-hi-ti 𒀭𒌓 AN.UTU √𒄷𒌦 shine! ⇔
𔖖𔓢𔕙𔖪𔗔 Tarhunt 𓆼 ⇔ 𓋞 Nabû (God)
𒄷𒌦;𒄷𒉌𒅔 ˢhun; ˢhu-un; ˢhu-ni-in shine
𒀭𒀝 ܢܵܒܼܘܿ ⇔ > sun Šutruk-Nakhunte

-𜑐 suffix -ich :
-𜎗 suffix -X like Asterix≈/Asterich/!

cuneiform series 𒄰 ⇔ ?

𜑾𜑟𜐲 𜎂𜎳𜐾𜒇𜑟 patek Nahhunte "shephard Nahunte" •Napᶥrunte

𜎽𜐪𜐲 𜎯𜐪𜏌𜏵𜐲 hanek pinekirik "beloved of Pinekir" = Venus

𜎂𜎯 Napi nabu Neptun association through double water 𜎂𜎯 ⇔ 𓏌 𓏌 𓏌 𓇯 𓀭 | primaeval waters, Nun (god) |

𜐕𜑾𜏳 𜎂𜎯𜒋𜎊𜏌 Lipar Napi-riša.ki
𜎫𜐩𜏡 𜒋𜎗𜎊𜏵 likawe rišshaki "great Likawe" ⇔ Lugal
𜎫𜐩𜏡 𜒋𜎊𜏵 likawe rishari "great Likawe"

𜑇𜏌𜐲 zukik king
𜐇𜏩𜎅 𜑇𜏌𜐲 zemt zukik King of kings?

𜓗𜎅𜎦 𜎊𜎅𜎦 šutme šatme 𒌓™ 𒌗™

𜐩𜎅𜎢 katru (an epiphet)
𜐩𜎅𜏞 katru

𜑰𜎐𜎅 Šimut 𒀭♂ Mars •Ašur-Martʰ 𒀭𒉽 𒀭𒌋𒌋 Šumudu

𜑐 needs special attention as its grammatical rule of -h/-š and 𜑐 ≈ 𓈉 #ḫst •ḫrst 3
𜑐 iš / ish / isch / ich < ego Icke Ecken 𜑐 (compare 𔓷)

𜎇𜑊 𜎊𜏳𜑐 lani šarih I fashioned silver
𜎇𜑊 𜎊𜒋𜑐 lani šarich I fashioned silver

𜏂𜐶𜎦 takme "life" 𒋾 •Tiank 動物 dòngwù

𒈨 me/we ≈ 𒉿 we/pe @ Elamite

𜎦𜑊𜐶 ᵏMenik malik König “king” ( 𓋊 Menes 𓋉 Khmin 𓃝 Khmun )
𜎦𜒇𜑊𜏳 Menir “king” ⇔ 𓋊 Min

𜎽𜑐𜒔𜑐 hašpuš haᵘšᶥbuš 𐌷𐌰𐌿𐍃𐌾𐌰𐌽 /hoᵃʃen/ horchen hören hear 𐌾 peculiar
𜎽𜑐𜒔𜎗 hahpaš
𜎽𜒔𜎗 hapaš “hear” ≠ haptic
𜎽𜒔- hapaⁿ ⇔ 𒉿 ᵛuznu אֹזֶן ᵠózen

𒈬𒌉 mu-tur Mutter "female" 𒈬𒄴𒋾𒅕𒊑;𒈬𒄴𒋾𒁁; mu-h-ti-ir-ri; mu-h-ti-be;
𒀜 𒁕 𒀜𒋫 ᵛAtda ᵛAtta "father

𜎼𜎅𜏧 ᵛAtta father (𜎼 VA < PA 𓊪) 𐌰𐍄𐍄𐌰
𜐇𜏩𜎅 zemt Lord ⇔ 𓊃 𓀀 𓏤 sir

𜎼𜎅𜏧 𜐇𜏩𜏧𜐲 ᵛAtta Zemtikᵉ "my Lord Father" Locutive

𜐅𜏂𜎅𜏝 Itattu Itatu I

𜐇𜏩𜑇

𜓝 mirr missed added

𜎅 •term' 𓏛 𓏥 terminal
𜎅 as letter is problematic µTa maTa Tama Mata taMa lamDa laMeda ?
𜎅 it is important that it is somewhat optional in orthography, like the Elamite cuneiform 𒈨 me

𜎾𜎅𜏂𜏩𜎅𜏧 •Halʿtamʿti 𒁹𒄬𒆷𒁶𒋾 haltamti > Elᵗamtu > Elᵗam > 𒉏𒈠𒆠 elamtu Elam
𜎾𜎅𜏂𜏩𜎅𜏧 Halᵐtamti
𜎾𜎅𜏂𜏩𜎅𜏧 Hatamtti
𜎽𜏂𜏩𜏧 Hatamti La Medina 𜓟 𓋬 demi 𜑝 Temi 𒋁 ŠEŠ₂ Susa 𒂞 EREN Iran Elam

𜑿𜎇𜐅𜎗 𜎊𜒇 Palaiš'šan

𜑹𜎄𜏳 𜎏𜑰𜎂𜐳 Puzur Sušinak, famous first identified king in 9 inscriptions, as 𜎏𜎗𜎂𜐳 in 4
𜑰𜒇𜐣𜑯𜎗𜎼𜐳 Shi-in-pi–hi–ish-hu-k Shinpihišhuk Father of Puzur-I.
𜎂𜎯𜏳𜒋𜎊 Napirriša "Great God" 𒈾𒀊𒅕 napir (god)
𜎂𜎯𜒋𜎊 Napiriša "Great God" 𒀭𒀝 Nabu.Riese (god)
𜑰𜓟𜎽𜎽 Šilhaha
𜑁𜑾𜏳𜏧 Eparti Ebarat Ebert,Euphrat!? Desset 2018: 132
𜑰𜒇𜎯𜑭 𜏇𜏌𜏳 Šinpis Hůkir
𜎏𜑷𜑊𜏳 Šušenir

𜎔 wo "I"
𜑁 E "Oh!"
-𜑰 -𜎗 verbal suffix -š

Old values:

𜎆 is 𒍝 ZA in Early Dynastic I Period
𜎅 me man 𒌋𒌋𒌋 many moons 𒈨𒌍 MES (vs 𜎅 t3!)
𜎅 me … what happened to it, didn't Desset himself use and promote it recently?
𜎅 halmenik-Shushenri 𜎾𜎅𜑽𜐳 𜎏𜑷𜑊𜏴

𜑽 𜒀 𜑾 ni like anatolian 𔗐 niᶜ like Indus nau part
𜑿 B ≈ 𜑽 𐤐 P 𜑾 PA “bow” @ Indus !
𜎂 𜎃 𜎄 𜔄 na ( new : zahn 𜎄 ! )
𜒖 𜒗 k ke?
𜏠 𜏡 𜏢 𜏣 HAL vs 𜎽 𜎾 𜎿 ha 𜏤 𜏥 za vs 𜏟
𜎒 su old reading šu 𜎏 𜎐 𜎑 𜎒 ≠ 𜎎 , now 𜎐 𜎑 ma!

𜏔 = 𜓝
𜏝 𜓝
𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜

Proto-Cuneiform correspondences

𜓕≈𜒶≈𜎺≈𜎻≈𒆳 in
𓊌+𜒶= GEŠTIN Gestein stone! 𒃾 𒃿 GEŠTIN×KUR

Missing

𜏞 "proper" variants missing 𜏠 𜏡 𜏢 𜏣 OK, just uncommon representative of known cluster
𜎷 ≈ 𜓚 ≈ 𜐛 ≈ 𜓻𜒲 MU₂ mask masken skin (missing precise glyph!)
𜓚 with stroke ≈ 𜐛𜒷 variant missing in font
𜒚 ≈ 𔒂 sar = horn (missing precise glyph!)
𜓟 ≈ 𜏪 ≈ __ Lamda 𜏔 la'medina
𜎑 ≈ 𜎎 missiunprecise?

reflecting mirror ( often not represented in font!)

𜑽 𜑾
𜒣 𜒨
𜐌 𜐍
𜑝 𜑞
𜐆 𜐂
𜐉 𜐅
𜐄 𜐃
𜐈 𜐇
𜎌 𜎍
𜎒 𜎏
𜎐 𜎎
𜏇 𜏄
𜏔 𜓜
𜐏 𜐐
𜑠 𜑣
𜏌 𜏎
𜏣 𜏠
𜏥 𜏤
𜏰 𜏐
𜑩 𜑪
𜐯 𜐰 𜒑
𜐩 𜐪 𜒵
𜏆 𜑂
𜏟 𜏸
𜐻 𜐾
𜐼 𜐿
𜐽 𜑀
𜏞 𜏢
𜑃 𜎗 𜎘 𜎙

rotations

𜏂 𜏃
𜒋 𜓕
𜑽 𜒀 𜑾 𜑿
𜐣 𜐤 𜐥 𜐦 𜐧 𜐨
𜑞 𜑝 𜑟 𜑠 𜑡 𜑢 𜑣
𜐗 𜐔
𜐂 𜐃 𜐄 𜐅 𜐆 𜐇 𜐈 𜐉 𜐊 𜐋 𜐌 𜐍 𜐎
𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 𜑍 𜑎

Duplication

𜎼 𜏧 𜓃 𜏫 𜓅 𜐐 𜐏 𜐼 𜐲 𜐻 𜐶 𜑀 𜐽 𜔁 𜎭 𜔀 𜎼 𜓴

DOT ligature most obvious:

𜒪 𜒥 𜓂 𜓃 𜓄 𜓅 𜓆 𜓇 𜓈 𜓉 𜓊 𜓋 𜓌 𜓍
𜒡 𜒢 𜐬 𜐪 𜐻 𜐼 𜐷 𜐻 𜐾 𜐿 𜑁 𜑂 𜒍 𜒎 𜑯 𜑫 𜏦 𜏤 𜏍 𜏌 𜎫 𜎬 𜑿 𜑽 𜑦 𜑤 𜓲
𜎁 𜎇 𜎆 𜎅 𜎈 𜎉 𜎉 𜒝
𜎆 𜑀 𜐿 𜐾 𜐽 𜐼 𜐻
𜎅 𜒥 𜑩 𜑪 𜑮 𜑭 𜏾 𜏿 𜏠 𜏡 𜎒 𜎐 𜎖 𜎔 𜎕 𜓻
𜎞 𜎟 𜎠 𜎼 𜏕 𜓃 𜒰
𜑃 𜎗 𜎘 𜎙
𜓇 ≠ 𜒥 𜑬 𜑩 𜑪 𜑫
𜒥 𜑫 𜑯 7
𜏰:𜏯 𔖿 nú 9 in 𜏰:𜏯
𜏰:𜒃

cross

𜎠:𜏕 𜎝 𜎜 𔒴 nu
𜎮 ≠ 𜎜 𜎝 𜎞 𜎟 𜎠 𜎭 𜓎 seem to be similar:
𜎼 𜏏 𜓗 𜏕 𜏑 𜓘 𜏭
𜓎 𜑃 𜎗 𜎘 𜎙 𜔀 𜎫
𜎭 𜎡 𜒮 𜒯 𜒳
𜏐 𜏰 𜏒 𜏓 𜏔 𜓛 𜓜
𜒥 𜎟 𜒘
𜓢 𜓤

sometimes donts mark connection with the border 𜎡 vs 𜒯 but sometimes not 𜏏 𜓗 𜏕.

multicross mashes

𜔀 𜎤 𜎥 𜎦 𜎧 𜎨 𜎩 𜎪 vs 𜎗 𜎘 𜎙

mesh gunu

In Proto-Cuneiform and in Elamite gunu was often realized as a mesh similar to
𒆜 KASKAL
𜎤 𜎦 𜎧 in 𜓵 𜎱 𜎲 𜎳 𜎴 𜎯 𜎰 𜓻
𜓅 𜐚 𜐕 𜐔 𜐖 𜐙 𜐘 𜒤
𜒥 𜑤 𜑥 𜑦 𜑧 𜑨
𜓃 𜑆 𜑇 𜑈 𜑅
𜏘 𜐺
𜏠 𜎿 𜎽
𜏢 𜏀 𜎾
𜏡 𜏣 hal
𜏰 𜏁 𜏯 𜏒 𜏱 𜏲
𜓚 𜎶 𜎷
𜑝 𜑞 𜑟 𜑠 𜑡 𜑢 𜑣
𜓌 𜓍 𜎊

different strokes and dots may have different significance.

(Three) dots seem to be a simplified orthography for gunu!
since these two signs were identified as variants: 𜎰 𜓻
Evidence is given by the Indus gunification of 𜎋 𜎌 𜎖 𜎔 (𜢳 𜢹)
In all these it is also accompanied by vertical mirroring!
Also see 𜏰 𜏁, but not 𜏰 𜏯.

The 𜎠 nu might be a simplified 𜎧 gunu,
However 𜎲 and 𜎯 have different reconstructed values, disproving that theory.
Simplification of the gunu variants 𜐕 𜐔, 𜑤 𜑥 may suggest a 𒉺 P component, or is coincidental.

other ligatures

𜒢 in 𜏝 𜓝 𜒁
𜐈 in 𜒂 𜒅 𜒉 (some scripts) 𜑣? in 𜏩 𜏪
𜏊 in 𜏋 𜓠

… confusion see reflections above

indentified cluste confusio continuum

I:Z 𜐂 𜐅 𜐃 Iᶻ 𜐆 𜐉 𜐄 ᶻI? 𜐈 𜐇 𜐌 𜐎 ZE 𜐍 𜒨 Z 𜒣 𒐊 𒍝 Y:Z 𒄿 𒍝 Y:Z
𜏹 𜏺
W:B:P 𜐛 𜐜 𜐝 𜐞 𜐟 𜐠 𜐡 𜐢 𜐣 𜐤 𜐥 𜐦 𜐧 𜐨
W? 𜓐 𜐝 𜐛 𜓚 𜑐 𜒇 woman female feminine
P 𜎯 𜎰 𜎱 𜑣 ! vs 𜓕 𜏩 !? 𜑣 ≠ 𜑠 𜑡 𜑢
H 𜎴 𜎳 𜎲 𜎯 P
𜎾 𜏀 𜎿 𜏁 𜎽 ≠ 𜒤 ≠ 𜏸 𜏹 ≠ 𜑤 𜑦 ki 𜐺 ku 𜑆 𜑇 zu
𜏁 𜎽 𜏏 𜏑 𜏒 𜏓 𜏔
𜎺 𜐩 𜒵? ≠ 𜐫 ? 𜐪 = 𜐬 clearly distinguishable
𜎺 𜏝=𜏛 tu
𜐩 ka 𜎺 𜎻 ≈ 𓂓 ka 𜎵 in Harappa
𜓢
𜏳 𜏴 𜏵 𜏶 𜏷 𜏸 𜏻 𜏽 𜏹 𜏺 𜏃 𜏼 𜓓 𜐰 𜒑 𜒦 𜓔
𜎋 𜎌 𜎍 𐘽 ≠ 𜎏 𜎒 ≠ 𜎐 𜎑 𜎎 ≠ 𜎊 |𜒝 |𜎓 thalas/ter 𓇾 ? (hapax)
𜓙 𜏌 𜏍 𜏎 𜏐
𜒋 ≠ 𜓕 ?
𜎺 ≠ 𜐧 𜐣 𜐤 𜐥 𜐦 𜐧 𜐨
𜎺 𜎻 𜎵 part of 𜏰 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜 ≠ 𜏝
𜒂 𜒃 𜒅 𜒉 𜒈 broken open hooks
𜏪 𜏯 𜏰 𜏱 𜏲 𜏒 𜏓 𜏔 𜏁 𜒆 𜒇 𜏙 𜏜 𜏚 𜏛 closed hooks
𜑁 ≠ 𜎛?
𜏠 ≠ 𜎿 ?
𜏠 𜏡 W ≠ 𜏢 𜏤 𜏦 𜏣 𜏥 ZA!

reflecting current research
U is renamed O matching cuneiform 𒌋 𒌑 𒅇 𒌓 𒄷 𒌷 ?
U₂ is renamed U
I₂ is used for E when no proper E known

Ligatures, connections and Variants

subtleties do matter, so be very careful with premature "identification" of characters
Signs that look similar can be different and signs that look different on first sight can be homophones.

??? What matters, what doesn't in clusters ???

dots MAYBE don't matter in

𜐪 = 𜐬 identified by whom? Desset?

dots do matter in

𜎒 ≠ 𜎐

strokes matter in

𜐾 hu₂ ≠ 𜑁 ʰE
𜐻 ≠ 𜐲 = 𜐳 ≠ 𜐼? peculiar confusion?

orientation matters in

𜐲 𜐳 𜐴 𜐵 𜐶 𜐷 𜐸 𜐹 𜐺 𜐻 𜐼 𜐽
𜐻 𜐽 ≠ 𜐾 𜐿 𜑀 𜑁 𜑂 𜑃

ligatures

Geometric Elamite part of Linear Elamite!

#r via dots 𜎇 :
L 𜎇 ⇔ 𜎢 R 𜎇 la 𜎢 ro 𒊑 RI ⇔ 𔖱 𔖲 𔖭
𜎇 ≠ 𐩤 𐡒 𐤒 𐘺 Q qoph 𜏌 ki

R ⇔ N ?

𜎠 𜎜 𔒴 nu 𜎢 ru 𜒋 𜒏 𜒉 R … N
𜏕 𔕳 𔔭 𔐊

two twist:

𜏻 le lentil
𜎹 ligature 𜎆 𜎵

Hook and rays significance unknown

𜎠 𜎜 ⇔ 𜏠

Interesting other signs:

𜒘 geo sank 𓋹
𜒓 lighthouse?
𜒒 house? gate?
𐠃 O 𜓩 up vs ab
𜓡 𐀢 pu? "PudBull" 勿 wù
𜓐 𓈉 𓈖 •mona •kars™ 𜐱 mountain
𜎺 ⇔ 𜎻 𜎵 Ϫ ϫ ʒ Janjan j dʒ ?
𜎵 𜎹 !?
𜑢 stair ≈ 𜑠 te® 𜑡 corner
𜒫 see Bau 𜑣 ≈ 𜎰 !
𜒩
𒊩 𜒷 𜒴 𜒶 known from Proto-Elamite
𜑧 logic gate ;)
𜒗
𜒙? p? mace?
𜔂 𔔀 𔓾 sa₆ street 𔓿 road 𔗅

A E I O U

𜐅 I 𜐂 𜐃 𜐅 Il 𓎟 all 𒀭 AN Inri Herr Lord 𒀭 𓎟 Al < 𓎡 𜐄 Keil?
𜎼 O ᵛA 𐩰 fe 𜎼 < 𓊪 p 𜎼 •φa 𜏠𜏡 φe in father
𜎼 O ᵛA •HA ech Har ḪI |𒄭 ḪAR 𒄯 < Kur 𐀃 o 𜎼 < 𓊪 in Vater < Pater 𜎼 ≈ α
𜎌 Oᵇ eau 𜎔 𜎕 𜎖 𜎋 𜎍 𐘽 𐀸 we 𓈘 𓈐 via way water(3) weg 𐘵 O ob vs hebb
𜎆 I Ü vow via Я R rue bi(2)
𜑁 E 𐠁 E 𐠂 I 𐠀 A 𜑁 •he 𜐾 hu₂ half
𜑁 𜑂 𜑀 one cluster according to Desset ⇔ 𜑀 •HE ⇔ 𜐾 HU

indentified cluste confusio continuum

I:Z 𜐂 𜐅 𜐃 Iᶻ 𜐆 𜐉 𜐄 ᶻI? 𜐈 𜐇 𜐌 𜐎 ZE 𜐍 𜒨 Z 𜒣

Ḫ 𜑯 𜎺 𜏇 𜐾 𜑀 𜑐

𜑯 hi 𜑫 he Helio halo < Solar 𜑭 ☼
𜑯 hi 𜑫 he heptá ἑπτά < Sept 7
𜑫 hi 𒄭 ḪI 𒄭𒆪𒌒𒋫𒀪 ḫikuptaḫ Egypt
𜏇 ho 𒄭 ḪI 𜎼 ᴴAᴴ vs 𜏂 𜏏 𜏝 𜏨 𜏧 Teil !
𜏇 ho half 𔓷 ha 𔕙 hh u 𔖈 húʳ (♡)
𜎽 𜎿 ha (𜏀 𜏁 la ) ha ḪUR 𒄯 𔓟 ḫá Heugarbe ?
𜎾 hal 𒄬 ḪAL 𒄬 half ⇔ demi medes ! vs 𜐾
𜏠 𜏡 𜏢 𜏣 HAL vs 𜏤 𜏥 za vs 𜏟
𜐾 𜑀 huʳ 𜏖 hour glass 𜐽 𜑁 𜑂 𜑀 Eˡ •hel Hälfte
𜐾 𜑀 hu₂ 𜏇 ho 𔓷 hal half ⇔ 𜑁 Eˡ
𜎺 he 𔕙 huʳ 𔕙 𜑐
𜑐 H 𜑖 𓇯 heaven 𔗓𔗒 hi Himmel
𜑐 𜑑 𜑒 𜑓 𜑔 𜑕 𜑖 𜑗 𜑘 𓇯 𓇲 𓋣 𓇰 𓇱 󴁣 󴁤 󴁥 󴁦 󴁧 󴁨 󴁩 󴁪 󴁫 󴁬 󴁭 󴁮 󴁯 󴁰 󴁱 󴃒 󴃓 󴃔 󴃕 󴃖 󴃗 󴃘 󴃙
𜑐 𔕙 chert stone (vs heart)
𜑐 H 𜑑 𜑒 𜑓 𜑔 𜑕 𜑖 𜑗 𜑘 𔗥 zu
𜎴 𜎳 𜎲 H Hundred 100? X 10*10 ⚠️ H! 𓏴 halt? whole?

K Q 𜏌 𜐩 𜑳 𜐺 𜑤 𜐳

city special

𜐺 gu gug2 @ Proto-Cuneiform 国 국 guk
𜏌 𜏍 𜏎 ki ≈ 𒆠 ki (ek 1) 𓊖
𜏌 ki 𐘺 𐩤 𐡒 𐤒 Q qoph 𓁷 capital
𜏌 ki 𜏵 𜏶 𜏷 𜏸 𜏹 𜏺 𒅆 IGI Auge eye
𜐩 ka 𒆳 KUR 𓊖 gar > ǧar ≈ šar
𜎺 ḫa 𒆳 KUR 𒄯 Ḫar Ḫur UR
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu šar شهر šahr < sahar 𓊖 e.g. shahr-e sukhteh
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu 𒊮 ŠÀ ⋍ 𒁲 SA2 šar SAR 𒊬 < car < Kar KUR 𓊖 𐊨 𐘾 𐀏 𔕆 𔕇 𔕈 𐙝 𐙟 𒆠 KI®
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu šar 𒄭 ŠAR₂ ⇔ ŠARA 𓇳 sun 𒊹 ŠAR₂ 360 1 year = 1 sun
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu šar vs •thur 𜏧 𜏂 𜏏 𜏝 𜏨 𓈇 town 𒁲 DI!
𜐪 Nagar 𜐬 𜐫 ⇔ 𜐩 Gar
𜏊 ra UR 𓊖 𜏋 𜓠 𒌷 𒌨
𜒇 Nagar? 𜒇 𜓠 𜒄 𜒊 𜒆 𜒅 𜒉 𜒂 𜒃 𜒁 𜒈 ⇔ 𜐪
𜏔 medina 𜓜 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜 𜓞 𜓛 ⇔ 𜒅 N continuum with many forms
𜏠 medin marina 𓈗
𜓟 La'medaⁿ λ Λ 𜓟 Lahore Luhāwar Lūhār Lore 𜓡 (Bangalore) val-ūru URU Rahwar Ravāwar "river" लव Lava
𜎫 Le'medaⁿ 𒇻 LU'MAS 𒈦 ly lu lund land 𜏿 limit?
𜏏 𜏑 𜏒 𜏓 𜏕 𜏝 𜏐 𜓝 ?
𜒩 𜒫 see Bau 𜑣 ≈ 𜎰 ≠ 𜑠 BAD @Proto-Cuneiform > 𒂦 bàd baut
𜏘 𜏗 𜏖
𜑱 𜑳 ku ko koje
𜑱 𜑳 ku court 𒂷 𒃣 گھر горт 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳 gort घर गृह gare chamber casa > 𓉔 house home yard
𜑱 𜑳 ku ≈ 𓉔 𒋛 < 𒆪𒊭𒊒 ku-ša-ru shelter 𒂡 < casa 𒋛 < 𒆟 KEŠDA 𓊨
𜐺 口 kou KUR karo court square ⇔ Korb
𜑤 𓐍 kreis gray circle 𓊖 kur 𜑤 𜑦 @west 𜑥 𜑨 @east 𜑧?
𜐳 𜐼 क c q k
𜐳 𜐴 𜒕 𜒖 𜒗 𜐸 𜐹 𐊽 K₂ 𜏌 continuum vs 𜒔 𜒕 𜒖 𜒗 𜐸 𜐹 P peculiar

W V ⇔ B P

𜎆 𒌋 𓇋 f 𓆑 vij vipe ver 𜎆 ⇔ R 𜎢 𜎣
𜏡 Warka Uruk 𒌷 𒌨 UR
𜐟 𜐛 𜐜 𜐝 𜐞 𜐠 𜐡 𜐢
𜐟 ≈ 𒑱 𒉿 WA,WE,WI < 𒉼
𜑿 B ≈ 𜑽 𐤐 P
𜎯 bi 𒁉 BI beer

P 𜎯 𜑾 𜑹 𜒔 𜎩 𜐻 𜐧 𜎮

𜎮 p
𜐻 p₂
𜐣 pi 𜐣 𜐤 𜐥 𜐦 𜐧 𜐨 pi 𒉿 P WE 𒑱 W •piek
𜐧 p. person ligature in Indus
𜎯 po 𔕷 pa pot beaker base vase
𜎯 𒉺𒉡 pa-nu 𒉺𒉡 a basket, a measure of capacity, earlier, first
𜎯 𜎰 𜎱 𜓻 𜑣 identified! vs 𜑣 ⇔ 𜓕 𜎱 pelt? 𜏩 𜑣 ≠ 𜑠 P ≠ H 𜎴 𜎳 𜎲 𜎯 P
𜑾 𜑼 𜑹 “bow” @ Indus (single + double with man!)
𜑾 P 𜑽 𐤐 ף פ pa ba 𜑹 𜑺 𜑻 𜑼 ? 𜑽 𜑾 𜑿 𓊪𐤐𓊪 𔗬 wa 𓍢 𓊪𓏲
𜑽 P. half-perimeter 𜑽 3 => 𜑿 3⅛ => π ? ⇔ r
𜑹 𜑺 𜑻 pu
𜑹 part 𔗬 wa 𜑹⇔B bump button vs 𔓷 heil
𜐻 part ⇔
𜒔 𓉺 𜑙 𜑜 𜑚 𜓒 pu₂ po py pillar pipe 𓉥 𓊁 palace
𜒔 𜒕 𜒖 𜒗 𜐸 𜐹 peculiar : 𜐳 𜐴 𜒕 𜒖 𜒗 𜐸 𜐹 𐊽 K₂ 𜏌 continuum !
𜑜 ≈ 𔑈 pi in Luwian cursive
𜎮 pap 𒉽
𜎩 pap 𒉽 𓋴 𓃀 𓇼 𓏤 ϣⲟⲡ šop
𜎮 𜐻 𜎩 𒉺 pair

building special (careful!)

𜑵 𜑴 ≠ 𜑱 𜑳 𜑸 ≠ 𜑷 𜑰 ≈ 𜑶 𜑲 ?
𜑏 𐘮 WA 𐀷 wa wohn 𔔒 walls port 𐀉 du
𜑴 •part
𜑵 𜑲 •portal 𓉐 𓊪 𜑶 π
𜑰 ši 𜑷 še 𜑶 Saal > 𓉔 hall
𜑰 çi 𜑷 çe 𜑶 •ça < casa
𜑱 𜑳 ku court kou 口 𒂷 𒃣 گھر горт 𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳 gort घर गृह gare chamber casa > 𓉔 house home yard
𜑱 𜑳 ku ≈ 𓉔 𒋛 < 𒆪𒊭𒊒 ku-ša-ru shelter 𒂡 < casa 𒋛 < 𒆟 KEŠDA 𓊨
𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 𜑍 𜑎 𜑏 naós ναός monumen nit (stones) ≈ 𒃲 in some Proto-Elamite forms

M 𜓚 𜏠 𜎎 𜎷 𜎥 𜏔

𜓚 MIⁿ MU₂ 𜒷 𒊩 MUN 𓈟 𓈞 inn 𜑌 (feminine)
𜓚 with stroke ≈ 𜐛𜒷 variant missing in font
𜎷 ≈ 𜓚 ≈ 𜐛 ≈ 𜓻 MU₂ mask masken skin (missing precise glyph!)
𜎤 me @west mesh 𜎤 𜎦 = 𜎥 𜎨 me ≈ 𜎧 ?
𜎦 me ≈ 𓆎 km in 𜎦𜑊𜐶 ᵏMenik malik König “king” ( 𜎦 ≈ 𓋊 Menes 𓋉 Khmin 𓃝 Khmun χίμαιρα )
𜎥 me @east 𒈦 MAS 𓏶 𜎥 me 𒀯 MUL
𜏠 medin marina 𓈗
𜏔 medina 𜓜 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜 𜓞 𜓛 ⇔ 𜓟 La'medaⁿ ⇔ 𜒅 Nagar
𜏩 medina 𜓟𜏩 𜓕 lamda < 𜒋 ramda 𒇻
𜎎 moʳ 𓈗 mar 𜎎@east 𜎐@west 𜎑≈𜎎 (missiunprecise)?
𜏔 mesh mašu 𒈦𒋗 basket 𓄟 𓋴 𓋴 𓋳 𓄛
𜎅 me OLD READING man 𒌋𒌋𒌋 many moons 𒈨𒌍 MES (vs 𜎅 t³ 𓏛 𓏥 )

N 𜑊𜑎 𜎂 𜎝 𜎜 𜐪 𜒉𜒇

𜎂 𜎃 𜔄 na ( neu new : zahn 𜎄 ! )
𜎂 二 ni 𐦊 𓈖 nau proven by indus (𜙖 𜎂𒈾𜎂 two sides of river surrounding fish vs 𜎌 !) 𓂜 𒉡 𐊾 carian letter ND
𜎂 𐘅 NA 𐘗 NE
𜎠 𜎜 𔒴 nu 𐀛 ni 𐘝 NI νικύλεον 𐀛 @ Aegean ⇔ 𔕳 •nephew •nation 𔐊 •nous ⇔ 𔕞 𔕱 mace ⇔ 𔔭
𜎜 ≈ 𔒴 ≈ 𐊵 N @ Carian ≠ ψ Ψ 9
𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 ni @ west ≈ 𜑍 𜑎 ni @ east
𜑊 𜑌 ⋍ 𓏠 𓈖 ni # numbers
𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 𜑍 𜑎 ni naós ⇔ 𐀝 nu 𐘯 NU
𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 𜑍 𜑎 nit 𒎎 NI+IT •nit 𓇋 𓈖 𓏏 𓊌 ᵇint le'bint 𐎍𐎁𐎐𐎚 lbnt (stone)
𜑊 𜑋 𜑌 𜑍 𜑎 ναός naós monument (temple) ⇔ mansion 𓉔 ⋍ 𓉧 ≈ 𓏠 𓉔
𜑌 ⋍ 𓏠 ⋍ 𓈙 ⋍ 𓊌 stone

𜐪 Nagar 𜐬 𜐫 𒈾 ⇔ 𜐩 Gar
𜒇 Nagar? 𜒇 𜓠 𜒄 𜒊 𜒆 𜒅 𜒉 𜒂 𜒃 𜒁 𜒈 ⇔ 𜐪
𜒉 Nagar? ⇔ 𜏔 𜓜 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜 𜓞 𜓛 ⇔ 𜒅
𜒇 ⇔ 𒀭𒂗 EN … 𒈾

𔖿 nu₂ ⇔

L 𜐕 𜎇 ? 𜏿 𜎫 𜓟

𜎇 l la lane line lone 1
𜎫 li lines le'medaⁿ 𒇻 LU'MAS 𒈦 ly lu lund land 𜏿 limit?
𜏻 le lentil li₃ Linse 𓎫 ⋍ 𜏵 𜏳 R
𜏿 lu lund Länder 𓇾 land ⇔ 𜏻 le
𜐔 𜐕 𜐖 𜐗 𜐘 𜐙 [email protected] Linden, Länder 𜓐𜐘 ligature in Harappa => 𓈉 Länder (forest) lands
𜓟 L λ Λ 𜓟 lamda la'medaⁿ la'medina 𜏔
𜓟 𔘄 𐋎 𐊣 Λ λ deLa™ de Latum ⇔ deltam 𐊣 𔘰 @ Carian
𜓟 ≈ 𜏯 𜏰 𜏱 𜏲 << ?

R 𜒋 𜏊 𜎢 𜏞 𜏵 𜏳

𓂋 ⋍ 𓎫 ≈ 𜏳 𜏴 𜏶 𜏷 𜏵 𓇳 ir
𜏵 𜏳 𓎫 𓂋 ⋍ 𓁹 iris 𓁹 iri ראה ra'á
𜏵 𜏳 日 rì 𓇳
𜒋 ≠ 𜓕 ?
𜒋 ri 𜒌 𜒍 𜒎 𜒐 ⇔ 𜔃 𐠤 re
𜒋 ri 𒊒 RU 𔗅 round ⇔ 𓂋 𓂝 𓇳
𜒋 ≈ 𜏞 ⇔ 𜎢
𜏞 𓄟 Ramses 𓄟 𓋴 𓇳
𜏊 𓇳 vs 𜏃 sarah
𜏊 𓊖 URU 𒌷
𜎢 𜎣 ru 𜎣@west
𜎢 𜎣 ρρρ pϱσ pros ⋍ plus + ρ 𐘁 𐝁 RO 𐘁 ur 𐀫 ᵖro pro
𜎢 𜎣 ⇔ 𜎆 𒌋 𓇋 𓆑 f ver
𜎢 𜎣 𐀳 te® ⇔ ter… three 3

S 𜐰 𜒚 𜎒 𜏼 𜑶? 𜑭

𜏼 𜏃 su₂ sarah 𜏊 𓇳
𜐰 𜒑 si 𔖢 su super 𜒦? spear spitze 𓋴 𓊪 𓂧 𓏏 𓇮 “spitz” 𓏙 ⇔ zu 𜐈 𜒨 𜐮 𜐯 𜐰
𜒚 ≈ 𔒂 sar = horn ⇔ 𓇮 𜐰
𜎒 sea seat 𔕐 sit 𜎏 SS vs 𜎎 mar 𜎐 𓈗 𒈝 NUM 𔓳 𔓴 𔓵
𜎒 Susa 𜎒𜑰𜎂 Sušina shining Susanna 𓇶
𜎒 su old reading šu 𜎏 𜎐 𜎑 𜎒 ≠ 𜎎 , now 𜎐 𜎑 ma!
𜑭 𜑮 s @east solar sun 𓇳 𓇶 shine strahl 𜎗 ša
𜑩 𜑪 s @west

Š Ç C ST TH

𜎗 ša strahl
𜎗 ša® star 𜎗 𜎘 ⇔ 𜎙 𜎚 star stern 𒀭 𓇼 𓇽
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu šar شهر šahr < sahar 𓊖 e.g. shahr-e sukhteh
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu 𒊮 ŠÀ ⋍ 𒁲 SA2 šar SAR 𒊬 < car < Kar KUR 𓊖 𐊨 𐘾 𐀏 𔕆 𔕇 𔕈 𐙝 𐙟 𒆠 KI®
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu šar vs •thur 𜏧 𜏂 𜏏 𜏝 𜏨 𓈇 town 𒁲 DI!
𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu ša vs •stadt
𜎒 sea seat 𔕐 sit ≈ 𔓳 𔓴 𔓵 :
𜎒 sea 𜎏 SS ⇔ 𜎎 mar 𜎐 𓈗
𜎊 ša ⇔ sea 𜎒
𜎊 ša Saale (river)
𜎊 ša ≈ SA 𒊓

SA11 𒋜
𒋜 su₄ sa11 ⋍ 𒋛 si 𒋗 šu 手 shǒu
𒊕 SA12 SAG 𒊕 SAĜ 𒊕
SAG3 𒉺
SAL 𒊩
SAL4 𒋡

𜎊 ša 三 san 3
𜎊 ça ca 川 chuān channel
𜎊 circ 3 third vs 𜎄 zwo
𜎗 circ 3 third

D := T

𜏧𜏂𜏏𜏝𜏨 demi δ≈σ semi 𜎾𜎅𜏂𜏔𜎅𜏧 ה Tamʿti ⇔ 𒋁 •Šamaša Σ sun 𜏧 𓇳 ⇔ 𒌉 ?

T

𜏧𜏂𜏏𜏝𜏨 𓊕 𓈇 tawi twi 2 Teil tell town TUR vs KUR vs ma mount
𜎅 t³ 𓏛 𓏥 terminal tri vs old reading 𜎅 me man 𒌋𒌋𒌋 many moons 𒈨𒌍 MES
𜑝 𜑞 𜑟 𜑠 TE… ?? ⇔ ??
𒋁 ŠEŠ2 Susa ⇔ Semi
𒂞 ŠEŠ4 Susa
𒂞 EREN Iran Elam

𜏝 tu 𒄰 TU₇ ζω •ƫu Topf zop soup

CZ 𜏥 𜎄 𜑇 𜐈 𜒣

𜐂 𓎡 C < K
𜐂 𓎡 C ≈ Z
𜐂 𓎡
𜐂 𜐅 𜐂 𜐃 𜐄 𜐅 𜐆
𜏣 𜏥 za! 𜏤 𜏦 ≠ 𜏠 𜏡 W ≠ 𜏢
𜏥 za ≈ 𐀼 za zink tinᵏ (copper) > sank 𓋹𐀼𐦞☥♀
𜏥 •CA (copper) ≈ 𜏌 •QV

𜎄 zwo zwei two 2 𐎕 Zain 𐎇 CETA 𒈫 Sade 𒍝 ZA 2 Zahnreihen
𜑇 stone 𓊌 chert Quartz 𓈙 shat 'SCH' dash таш 𜑅 𜑆 𜑇 𜑈 𜑉
𜑇 𜑅 𐩯 samekh vs 𓎛 vs 𐩯 𜔀 vs 𐩯 𜏢 𜏀 𜏻 𜏸

𐎕 zum ⇔ 𒌉 dumu

𜐎 zi 𔕠 zi₂ 𜐍 zir 𓊃𓇋𓀀 sir !!
𜐈 𜐌 z
𜒣 𜐌 𜒨 𜐍 z Δ δ d 𜒧 𓏏 !

CONFUSION zones

all city glyps with different phonetic values
𜒋 𜒏 𜒉 𜒈 R ⇔ N ⇔ S confusion zone, maybe via nran intermediates or endings …
𜐂 𜐃 𜐄 𜐅 𜐆 I® ≠ 𜐇 𜐈 𜐉 𜐊 𜐋 𜐌 𜐍 𜐎 ZI®

NUMBER representation UNKNOWN in Linear Elamite, all non-cuneiform variants conjectures!

  1. 𜏌 ≈ 𒆠 •𜏌𜏳 ≈ 𒆠𒅕 ki⋍ek
  2. 𜎎 ≈ 𒈥 •𜏠𜏳 ≈ 𒈠𒅕 𒈥𒊏 ma⋍man 𒌋𒌋 ⋍ min 𒈫 andro
  3. 𜒨𜎅 ≈ 𜎊 ⋍ 𒍢𒋾 cirt
  4. 𜓘? четꙑре ≈ ЧⲦⲞⲞⲨ
  5. 𜒔 ≠ 𒌅𒆪 tuku?

𜎂 na 𓂜 no 0 null 𒅔𒈾 inna ≠ 1 einer (1 inauguration)
𜎇 la nulla 0:1 𜎢 erst
𜎆 vu < bi 1:2 𜎢 er 二
𜎅 di < t3 2:3 di:dri
𜎂 ni 二 2:4 men 2:4
𜎂 ni 4 nile നാൽ- n̪aːl- ⇔ 𔖻 mi 𒇹
𜎄 zwo20 ?
𜎒 san 三
𜐂 𜐅 𜐃 "5" based on correspondence to 𒐊 𒍝 I:Z 𜐅 𜐇 in Elamite 𒄿 𒍝 I:Z 𜐍 𜐃

orthographic predictions based on cuneiform:

𜏼𜒇𜏌𜏳 sunkir
𜏃𜒉𜏌 sunki •cungi king
𜎄𜒉𜏌 zunki •cungi king
𜑇𜒉𜏌𜏳 zunkir

Unlike in Aegean scriptsl are distinguished.

du-ni-h ⋍= tu-ni-h I donated

Some orthographic variations hint at some distinctions between b [b] d [d] g [g] but in general these are NOT distinguished!.

Unless realized via doubling pp, t, kk, hh, šš, ll, rr, mm, nn un und Halbvoka are tentative

ḫ => h => ø in Neo Elamite

te-em-t te-ip-ti for tempti "lord" hint at nasalizations.

Grammar

Animate noun pronouns -suffixes

-k ik Fgo I "Locutive"
-t tF you "Alcokutive"
-r eF he "Decokutive"
-p plural who 𓊪𓍢
-ø neutrum

König "I, king"
Könit "You, king"
Köner "He, king"

X sunki-r hatamti-r ... "X, der König (sunki-) von Elam (hatamti-), ..."
u sunki-k hatamti-k ... "ich, der König von Elam, ..."

𜑐 needs special attention as its grammatical rule of -h/-š and 𜑐 ≈ 𓈉 #ḫst •ḫrst 3
𜑐 iš / ish / isch / ich < ego Icke Ecken 𜑐

Possessiv pronouns

1a. u₃-me von-mir ( LE u≠u₂ )
1b. u₃-pi of-I
1c. -i-pi-na ⋍ ip-na ⋍ upo o von I
2. nun nu-un ni-von
3. -r 𓆑 •ver for er

Ich ego ( Elamite )

𒅇 U3 ego ich in :

we ⋍ me ( Elamite )

𒅇𒉿 u₃-pi of-I ⇔ upon-I
𒅇𒈨 u₃-me of-me ( 𒅇 ego )

Inanimate 3rd noun suffixes


-me ([sunki-me] “kingdom, kingship”)
-n ([siya-n] “temple,” [muru-n] “earth”)
-t ([hala-t] “clay, mud brick”)

Aus Postpositionen entwickelte Kasussuffixe gibt es erst in spätelamischer Zeit, die älteren Sprachstufen unterscheiden einen Kasus nur beim Personalpronomen (Nominativ und Akkusativ, siehe unten). Einen Artikel gibt es nicht. Das Elamische ist keine Ergativsprache, für transitive und intransitive Sätze werden dieselben Subjektformen verwendet.

Nominalphrasen haben immer die Reihenfolge Phrasenkopf - Attribut, wobei die Attribute Substantive (im Deutschen "Genitive"), Adjektive, Possessivpronomina und Relativsätze sein können. Bis auf die Relativsätze werden Attribute mit dem Phrasenkopf in der oben beschriebenen Art durch Kongruenzmarker verklammert.

u (TITEL) B kuši-h G1 ak G2 ap-u-i-n tuni-h
"ich (TITEL) B baute-ich (kuši-h), den Göttern G1 und G2 - ihnen (ap) ich (u) es (i-n) - gab-ich (tuni-h)"
"ich (TITEL) baute (Bauwerk) B und stiftete es den Göttern G1 und G2"

Die enklitische Partike markiert das Ende von Phrasen und Sätzen, satzeinleitende Partikel werden in den älteren Sprachstufen nur selten verwendet.

Alle Substantive werden im Elamischen zunächst in zwei Hauptklassen (grammatische Geschlechter) eingeteilt, nämlich der Personenklasse (PK) oder Sachklasse (SK).

ma marker

-me like akkadian -um and greek (…) ma aroma asthma coma comma enigma drama glaucoma lemma schema plasma trauma…

Der Marke- hat eine abstrahierende Funktion, wie die folgenden Beispiele zeigen:
sunki-me "Königtum" < sunki- "König" •cun'ki
lipa-me "Dienst" < lipa- "Diener" √labor
husa-me "Wald" < husa- "Holz, Baum" •huˡsa , Esche

5.5 Verbalstämme

Viele Wurzeln können im Elamischen nominal und verbal genutzt werden, z.B. me "Rückseite" und "folgen", tu "Eigentum" und "nehmen". Die meisten Verbalstämme enden auf einen Vokal, in den älteren Sprachphasen gibt es auch konsonantischen Auslaut.

Durch Reduplikation der Anlautsilbe können bei manchen Verben pluralisches Subjekt oder Objekt, aber auch "Pluralität" der Handlung (also ihre Wiederholung) ausgedrückt werden (Steiner 1990, allerdings ist diese Interpretation nicht allgemein anerkannt). Dabei kann es zu lautlichen Veränderungen kommen (z.B. Elision des Stammvokals). Einige Beispiele dieser Stammesmodifikationen durch Reduplikation der Anlautsilbe sind in der folgenden Tabelle zusammengestellt.

Beispiele von Verben mit Stammesmodifikation

Stamm
Einfach Modifiziert Bedeutung

li lili geben
ta tatta stellen
hapu hahpu hören
hutta huhta machen
kazza kaki schmieden
kela kekla befehlen
kuti kukti tragen
kuši kukši erbauen
peli pepli gründen
pera pepra lesen
turu tutri sagen
tallu tatallu schreiben

𒍯 Kap Elamite
𒑨 (Cuneiform Numeric Sign Elamite Fifty
𒀴 𒀵 𒄯

𐘨 𐚅 𐁔 Kyr Chyr=Gold OK? *47 A_28 PurOrQuarErx
𜐊 ≠ 𐙔

Cuneiform Correspondences

Before Elamite and Cuneiform diverged they had a very close semantic and pictographic correspondences.

Vague cuneiform form correspondences, direct or complement (rotations etc)

The phonetics may match without the semantics, or vice versa.

Important to remember that all Akkadian signs as displayed in normal cuneiform fonts are rotated by 90°

Rotation is already rampant in Linear Elamite, so weak matches are independent of orientation.

Oftentimes an indirect connection can be established, despite graphic and phonetic divergence.

Many signs have clear Egyptian counterparts without (used) cuneiform antagonists 𜏵 𜏳 𓎫

best matches

See "all matches" for complete analysis and explanation

𒃰 GAN ubiquitous in Proto-Cuneiform and Proto-Elamite as ligature vessel is not identified yet.
𒃰 GAN is similar to 𜒣 sometimes, but sometimes left open. Maybe open form eradicated in simplification process.
See anatolian for open versus closed forms.

𒊮 šà 𜓗 šu 𜓘 šo ; 𒆠 𜑤 𓐍 𓊖; 𒆠 𜐺; 𒆪 𜑳; 𒄑 𜑸 𜑶 𜑷 𜑰; 𒐼 𜓥 𜎄 𐎕 𐎇 𒍝

𒈦 maš 𜎥 me 𒀯 mul

𒆳 KUR 𜎺 ḫe huʳ as in 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏜

𒊑 re ⋍ ri 𜎣 ro ⋍ ru rotated 2*3 complement representation 𜎢 note 𒌋 in 𒊑 corresponding to dots 𜎆 •

I:Z 𜐂 𜐅 𜐃 Iᶻ 𜐆 𜐉 𜐄 ᶻI? 𜐈 𜐇 𜐌 𜐎 ZE 𜐍 𜒨 Z 𜒣 𜓥 𒐊 𒍝 Y:Z 𒅀 𒄿 𒍝 Y:I:Z

All matches

𒌋 𜎆 , and • dot ligature ( pw? )
𒌋 𜒣 𜒨Z ?

H

𒄭 hi 𜎼 ʰa
𒄭 hi 𜎼 𜏇 hu half 𔓷 haˡ halb ⵀ hb ھب ⵁ h @ Tifinagh
𒄩 ha 𜐾 hu 𒍝𒌋𒌋 za 2 𐎇 𒈫 𜒣
𒄩 ha 𜏇 ho + 2 𒌋 𜎆
𒄩 ha 𜎺 he 3*𜒣 𜐻 𜐾 𜐼 𜐿 𜐽 𜑀
𒄷 hu 𜐾
𒄷 hu 𜑳 ko

𒄴 aḫ ek 𜏌 𜐩 𜑤 ?
𒄴 ʷah 𜏡 Warka ?

𒀀 𜎃 𜎆 v ob
𒀀 𜎃 𜎁 𜎂 ain
𒀀 𜎃 𜎼 a ha hi 𒄭 ok flattend 𒄭>𒆕>𒀀 in cursive cuneiform
𒄭 hi 𜎼 ʰa
𒄭 hi 𜎼 𜏇 hu half 𔓷 haˡ halb ⵀ hb ھب ⵁ h @ Tifinagh
𒄴 ʷah 𜏡 Warka ?
𒄴 aḫ ek 𜏌 𜐩 𜑤 ?

𒌋 u 𜎆
𒌑 ú 𜎌 𜎆 via way rue?
𒅇 ù u₃ uk ick ich ego 𜎌 𜎆 wo we

𒌋 u 𜎆 v w
𒉿 𒑱 𜐟 WA, WE, WI 𒑱 𒉿 < 𒉼 𜐛 𜐜 𜐝 𜐞 𜐟 𜐠 𜐡 𜐢 𜐣 𜐤 𜐥 𜐦 𜐧 𜐨 we:pe

𒌋 u 𜎆 air in 𒈪 ≈ 𓇯 𓇲 𓋣 : 𓇰 ⇔ 𜑐 𜑑 𜑒 𜑓 𜑔 𜑕 𜑖 𜑗 𜑘

𒅀 𒄿 𒐊 𒍝 𜐍 𜒨 𜐃 𜐅 𜐎 𜐇 𜒣 I:Z

𒂊 e ? 𜑁 𜑂 𜎆 ? special orthography

𜓧𜓧

P B W

𒉿 pe 𜐣 𒌋𒌋 ≈ 𜒣𜒣 𜐧 ≈ 𜐛 ≈ 𒈨 me
𒁀 ba vs 𜐻 p vs 𜑹 po
𒁀 ba 𜎯 ba bopot
𒅁 ib 𜎯 bi bowl
𒅁 ib 𜒀 𜑾 𜑿 ba bowl rotated
𒅁 ib 𜒔 bu po
𒀊 ap 𜒔 bu po rotated
𒀊 ap 𜎯 bi rotated
𒅁 ib "oval" 𜏂 complement:
𒌒 up 𜏂 vs 𜐻 p vs 𜑹 po
𒉽 pap 𜎩 𜎮
𒁍 pu 𜎩 𜎮 ?
𒉺 pair 𜎮 𜐻
𒉺 pa 𜎣 •pro>ro

K G

𒅆 IGI Auge eye 𜏌 KI 𜏵 𜏶 𜏷 𜏸 𜏹 𜏺 𓁹 𒅆 ŠI 𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu 𜏼 su
𒆠 kiʳ 𜏌 KI
𒆠 kiʳ 𜑤 𓐍 𓊖 Quadratur des Kreises
𒆠 kiʳ 𜐺 kuʳ kyr
𒆪 ku 𜐺 kuʳ
𒆪 ku 𜑳 ku
𒋡 ka4 𜑸 ko
𒄑 is 𜑸 𜑶 𜑷 𜑰 ŠI ŠE
𒄑 ic 𜑸 𜑶 𜑷 𜑰 ÇI ÇE

𒀝 ak 𜐩 ka 𜑁 𓄿 ?
𒅅 ik 𜐳 k 𒌋𒌋 ≈ 𜒣𜒣
𒄀 ge ⋍ gi 𜐩 𜐳 ?

M

𒈨 me 𜎂 na ?
𒈨 me 𜐧 ≈ 𜐛 @ 𜓚 𜎷

𒊩 MUN 𜒷 𜓚 𜎷 MIⁿ MU₂ 𓈟 𓈞 inn 𜑌 (feminine)
𒈪 mi 𓏠 men 𜑊 ni 𜑎
𒈪 ≈ 𓇰 ⇔ 𜑐 𜑑 𜑒 𜑓 𜑔 𜑕 𜑖 𜑗 𜑘 𓇯 𓇲 𓋣
𒈪 mi 𜎎
𒈬 mu 𜎎 mud water ☑
𒄠 am 𒄞⋅𒆳 𜏰⋅𜎺 𜏜 𜏙 𜏚 𜏛 𜏔 m
𒄠 am 𜎷 graphically, direct match would contain 𜎺 Kur
𒌝 um 𜎷 𜏠 𜏔 ?
𒈠 ma 𜏠 ?
𒈠 ma 𜎥 me via 𒈦 mas 𒇻 𒆪 ≈ 𒈠 in Elamite script
𒈠 ma 𜏔 via 𒈦 mas 𒇻
𒈦 mas 𜎥 me 𒀯 MUL
𒈦 mas 𜎜 noˢ 𜎝 nuˢ

N

𒀭 an 𜎝 no 𜎜 nu abstract (anno)
𒂗 en 𜑊 𜑎 ni
𒌦 un
𒉡 nu 𜎝 𜎜 abstract
𒉌 ne 𜐪 ne 𜒉 n
𒈾 na 𜐪 ne
𒈾 na 𜒉 n 𜒇 nagar
𒅔 in 𜒇 nagar 𒊺 ⋍ 𜐧 ≈ 𜐛 @ 𜓚 𜎷 ?
𒌦 un unmatched

T

𒋾 ti 𜎅 t
𒆪 da 𜏃 da 𜏂 tae :
𒋼 te 𜏂 ta 𜏧 𜏨 ti 𜏏 𜏝 tu
𒌓 ut ≈ 𜏧 ≈ 𓇳 ra
𒌅 tu 𒌈 tu4 𒁺 du 𒀜 at ??

𒁹 dash 𒌇 𒆕 DU δu zu su

𒌇 𒆕 𓏙 𓏚 𔖢 su 𜏼 su₂ 𜏃 𜐰 𜒑 𜒦 𜓔 𜓓
𒌇 𒆕 𓏙 𓏚 𜑠 𜏂 𜏨 𜏧 𜏏 𜏝 tu
𒌇 𒆕 𜒣 𜐌 𜐎 𜐇 z zi ze

Z

z series is often realized with cuneiforms !
𒌇 𒆕 𜒣 𜐌 zi ze zahn:
𜎄 𐎕 𐎇 𒍝 ZA
𒍝 ZA 𜓥 𜐇 𜐎 𜒣

#Z
𒋢 ṣú 𜑇 zu Zug (wind) 𒆤 saḫ storm
𒋢 ṣú 𜑇 zu 𓈙 šu shun
𒋛 se 𜑇 zu 𓊌 stone
𒋛 si “horn” 𜒚 sa 𔒂 sar = horn (missing precise glyph!)

𒍢 ZE zoo 𒋾 ≈ 𓋹 𐀼 za 𜏥 za ≈ 𓋹 sank zink ☑
𒊍 AZ •URS •beast ^^

#S
𒆜 iš 𜎗 š
𒆜 iš ⋍ uš 𜓘 so 𜓗 su
𒊮 šà 𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu 𜏼 su 𜑭 s
𒐼 šá 𜓘 šo 𜓗 šu 𜎗 Š
𒐼 šá 𜐇 ze 𜐰 si
𒅆 ŠI 𜏼 su vs 𒅆 IGI 𜏌 ki 𜏵 𜏶 𜏷 𜏸 𜏹 𜏺 𓁹 Auge eye

𒊓 sa 𜎊 ša 𜎒 su 𜒚 sa
𒋗 šu 𜎊 ša 𜎒 su 𜒚 sa
𒊺 še 𜎊 ša 𜎒 su 𜒚 sa
𒀾 aš 𜎊 ša

L

𒇻 lu 𜎫 le
𒇷 le ⋍ li 𜐕 :
𒇷 LI •Linden "juniper" li 𜐘 𜐙 𜐕 𜐔 𜐖 𜐗 𜒤 林 lin.den10 𒊺
𒇷 LI |juniper |𒊺 + 𒊭 eš+lis ėglis
𒌌 ul 𜓟 ( because 𒄠 = 𒄞⋅𒆳 ≈ 𜏰⋅𜎺 = 𜏜 )

𒆷 la 𜎇 𜏿 𜏻 left line linse?? bad match and missing cuneiform!

R ⇔

𒊏 ra 𜒋 right
𒊒 ru 𜒋 round vs 𜏵 𜏳 𓎫 𒅆 𒅊
𒅕 ir 𜎣 𜎢 row 2⋅3
𒊑 ri 𜎣 𜎢 row 1⋅2⋅3⋅4⋅6+𒌋
𒌨 ur ≈ 𒌷 URU ≈ 𜏊 in 𜏋 𜓠 𓊖
𒌨 ur ≈ 𒌷 URU ≈ 𜏞 𓊖 𓇾 ter ? ^^

Cuneiform Syllabary0 𒅀 ya 𒄩 ha 𒀀 a 𒂊 e 𒄭 hi 𒄿 i 𒄷 hu 𒌋 u, 𒌑 ú 𒄴 ah b 𒉺 pa 𒁀 ba 𒁁 be 𒉿 pe ⋍ pi 𒁍 pu 𒀊 ap 𒅁 ip (𒌈 íp) 𒌒 up g 𒋡 ka4 𒆠 ke ⋍ ki 𒄀 ge ⋍ gi 𒆪 ku 𒀝 ak 𒅅 ik 𒊌 uk d 𒆪 da 𒋼 te 𒋾 ti 𒌅 tu, 𒌈 tu4 𒁺 du 𒀜 at 𒌓 ut

š 𒐼 šá (𒊮 šà) 𒊺 še 𒅆 ši 𒋗 šu 𒀾 aš 𒆜 iš ⋍ uš z 𒊓 sa 𒍝 ca 𒋛 se ⋍ si 𒍢 ce ⋍ ci 𒋢 su 𒊍 ac 𒄑 ic
l 𒆷 la 𒇷 le ⋍ li 𒇻 lu 𒌌 ul
m 𒈠 ma 𒈨 me 𒈪 mi 𒈬 mu 𒄠 am 𒌝 um
n 𒈾 na 𒉌 ne ⋍ ni 𒉡 nu 𒀭 an 𒂗 en 𒅔 in 𒌦 un
r 𒊏 ra 𒊑 re ⋍ ri 𒊒 ru 𒅕 ir 𒌨 ur

For [#cuneiform-correspondences] see above

Attested signs

Unicode private block 0XE000

There are 357 distinctive signs attested in the extant sources:
    
   
    
  
     


Dictionary

Text Specimens

    

Linear A correspondences

U+1060x 𐘁 𐘂 𐘃 𐘄 𐘅 𐘆 𐘇 𐘈 𐘉 𐘊 𐘋 𐘌 𐘍 𐘎 𐙫
U+1061x 𐘐 𐘑 𐘒 𐘓 𐘔 𐘕 𐘖 𐘗 𐘘 𐘙 𐘚 𐘛 𐘜 𐘝 𐘞 𐘟
U+1062x 𐘠 𐘡 𐘢 𐘣 𐘤 𐘥 𐘦 𐘧 𐘨 𐘩 𐘪 𐘫 𐘬 𐘭 𐘮 𐘯
U+1063x 𐘰 𐘱 𐘲 𐘳 𐘴 𐘵 𐘶 𐘷 𐘸 𐘹 𐘺 𐘻 𐘼 𐘽 𐘾 𐘿
U+1064x 𐙀 𐙁 𐙂 𐙃 𐙄 𐙅 𐙆 𐙇 𐙈 𐙉 𐙊 𐙋 𐙌 𐙍 𐙎 𐙏
U+1065x 𐙐 𐙑 𐙒 𐙓 𐙔 𐙕 𐙖 𐙗 𐙘 𐙙 𐙚 𐙛 𐙜 𐙝 𐙞 𐙟
U+1066x 𐙠 𐙡 𐙢 𐙣 𐙤 𐙥 𐙦 𐙧 𐙨 𐙩 𐙪 𐙫 𐙬 𐙭 𐙮 𐙯
U+1067x 𐙰 𐙱 𐙲 𐙳 𐙴 𐙵 𐙶 𐙷 𐙸 𐙹 𐙺 𐙻 𐙼 𐙽 𐙾 𐙿
U+1068x 𐚀 𐚁 𐚂 𐚃 𐚄 𐚅 𐚆 𐚇 𐚈 𐚉 𐚊 𐚋 𐚌 𐚍 𐚎 𐚏
U+1069x 𐚐 𐚑 𐚒 𐚓 𐚔 𐚕 𐚖 𐚗 𐚘 𐚙 𐚚 𐚛 𐚜 𐚝 𐚞 𐚟
U+106Ax 𐚠 𐚡 𐚢 𐚣 𐚤 𐚥 𐚦 𐚧 𐚨 𐚩 𐚪 𐚫 𐚬 𐚭 𐚮 𐚯
U+106Bx 𐚰 𐚱 𐚲 𐚳 𐚴 𐚵 𐚶 𐚷 𐚸 𐚹 𐚺 𐚻 𐚼 𐚽 𐚾 𐚿
U+106Cx 𐛀 𐛁 𐛂 𐛃 𐛄 𐛅 𐛆 𐛇 𐛈 𐛉 𐛊 𐛋 𐛌 𐛍 𐛎 𐛏
U+106Dx 𐛐 𐛑 𐛒 𐛓 𐛔 𐛕 𐛖 𐛗 𐛘 𐛙 𐛚 𐛛 𐛜 𐛝 𐛞 𐛟
U+106Ex 𐛠 𐛡 𐛢 𐛣 𐛤 𐛥 𐛦 𐛧 𐛨 𐛩 𐛪 𐛫 𐛬 𐛭 𐛮 𐛯
U+106Fx 𐛰 𐛱 𐛲 𐛳 𐛴 𐛵 𐛶 𐛷 𐛸 𐛹 𐛺 𐛻 𐛼 𐛽 𐛾 𐛿
U+1070x 𐜀 𐜁 𐜂 𐜃 𐜄 𐜅 𐜆 𐜇 𐜈 𐜉 𐜊 𐜋 𐜌 𐜍 𐜎 𐜏
U+1071x 𐜐 𐜑 𐜒 𐜓 𐜔 𐜕 𐜖 𐜗 𐜘 𐜙 𐜚 𐜛 𐜜 𐜝 𐜞 𐜟
U+1072x 𐜠 𐜡 𐜢 𐜣 𐜤 𐜥 𐜦 𐜧 𐜨 𐜩 𐜪 𐜫 𐜬 𐜭 𐜮 𐜯
U+1073x 𐜰 𐜱 𐜲 𐜳 𐜴 𐜵 𐜶
U+1074x 𐝀 𐝁 𐝂 𐝃 𐝄 𐝅 𐝆 𐝇 𐝈 𐝉 𐝊 𐝋 𐝌 𐝍 𐝎 𐝏
U+1075x 𐝐 𐝑 𐝒 𐝓 𐝔 𐝕
U+1076x 𐝠 𐝡 𐝢 𐝣 𐝤 𐝥 𐝦 𐝧

𓈉 #ḫst 𔔉 #castrum
ŠIR 𒋓
𒇺 LIS LIŠ, DILIM2, DILI2 [28x] = spoon, balance pan, bowl
𐛌
𐛔 R
𐚱 P
𐚶 𐚷
𐚸
𐘆

Linear-A :
A- 𐘇 A 𐘡 E 𐘚 I 𐘵 O 𐘉 U
D- 𐘀 DA 𐘦 DE 𐘆 DI _ DO _ DU
J- 𐘱 JA 𐘧 J JI 𐙎•JO 𐙏•JU
K- 𐘾 KA 𐘥 KE 𐘸 KI 𐘺•KO 𐙂 KU
M- 𐙁 MA 𐘋 ME 𐘒 MMO? 𐘕 MU
N- 𐘅 NA 𐘗 NE! 𐘝 NI 𐙊•NO 𐘯 NU
P- 𐘂 PA _ PE 𐘢 PI 𐘊 PO 𐘫 PU 𐘜 PU ? 𐘪
Q- 𐘌 QA 𐘿 QE 𐘏 QI 𐙴•Q QU
R- 𐘴 RA 𐘙 RE 𐙕•RI 𐝁𐘁RO 𐘘 RU 𐝁 ⋍ 𐤕 ⋍ x ⋍ ⵝ RO orthography
S- 𐘞 SA 𐘈 SE 𐙛•SI 𐘤•SIo 𐘲 SU
T- 𐘳 TA 𐘃 TE 𐘠 TI 𐘄 TO 𐘹 TU
W- 𐘮 WA 𐘽•WR 𐘣 WI _ W WU
Z- 𐘍 ZA 𐘼 Z ZI 𐘎 ZO ZU

𔖱 𔖲 | A|ÄR E|I ÜR|U O | IA |
----|------|------|-------|--------|-------|--------------------
V |𔗷 A|𔗸 ar|𔐓 ᵛÁ|𔓯 I |𔓰 ᵛIʳ|𔓱 iaᵗ 𔕐𔕑 ᵛIA 𔑻 ᵛU 𔖚 o 𔗘 𔖻 𔖷 •vir 𔖶 4 𓅩
B |𔑺 bø|𔗬 be|𔓀 bé|𔓁 bè |𔐃 be₄|𔓱 •bh 𔓩 way 𔔻 Be₈ 𔑛 πta₆ baut
Ḫ |𔓷 ha|𔓟 ḫá|𔗒𔗓 hi|𔕙 hu |𔖈 húʳ|♡
K |𔗧 ka|𔐾 ká|𔗳 ki|𔔓 kī₄|𔗜 ku |𔖂 COR 𔖫ǧ
L |𔓊 la|𔗲 lá|𔗽 la|𔔹 li₁|𔗲 liá|𔒗 lì 𔒖 LIₓ 𔕦 lta₄
M |𔒅𔒄 ma|𔘅 má|𔗘𔖻 mi|𔑿 mu |𔖶 mi |𔗷 𔗸 𐀖 mi 𔖮 MINUS 𔑾𔒁
N |𔐤 na|𔑝 ná|𔗐 ni|𔓵 ni₂|𔐽 ni₃|𔒴 nu 𔖿 nu₂ 9 𔕶 ná NEG₂ 𔕵 NEG₃
P |𔕹 pa|𔕯 pu|𔑈 pi|𔑉 pi |𔓐 paⁿ|
Q |𔕰 qi|𔖪 cz|𔕱 cu|𔘰 quʳ| |
R |𔖱𔖲 ra|𔖭 er|𔗳 ri|𔗑 ru |𔑵 rú | 𔑳𔑴
S |𔗔 sa|𔗦 sá|𔑷 sà|𔗆 sa₄|𔕮 sa₅|𔔀 sa₆ 𔕣 sa₇ 𔖮 -s ˢ ᵒˢ 𔖫augment
Ś |𔓉 si|𔗾 sí|𔖎? śi|𔖢 δʳ |𔒂 sú |çu 𔗵 zúⁿ
T |𔑰 te|𔐞 tá|𔐫 tà|𔐬 tà |𔕦 tu |𔓇 ta 𔑛 ta₆
T |𔑣 tá|𔘟 tí|𔙄 tì|𔑢 tu |𔕬 tú |𔕭 tù 𔕦 ta₄ 𔔈 tu² 𓈋 𓈇
Z |𔖪 za|𔐬 ƫà|𔖩 zi|𔕹 zá |𔖀 ze |𔖂𔖃𔕼
Z |𔒈 zu|𔕻 zi|𔕠 zí|𔕺 zi₃|𔒚 zi₄|𔗥 zu 𔗵 zú
W |𔗬 wi|𔓁 wì|𔓀 wí|𔐃 wi₄|𔓱𔕑 via|𔓩 wi 𔔻 wi₈ 𔗷 pπ 𓃀𓊪𓅮𓄿 apa

𔑵 rú| 𔑳𔑴 𜏞 ru <<<
𔖱𔖲 ra|𔖭 er 𜏳 R 𜎢 ro
𔖢 ŚU 𜏼 SU
𔒂 sú 𜒚 SA Shorn
𔗑 ru 𜏊 RA
𔗳 𜎢 ri ru river 𜎂𜎂 ☑? ( Rhein rhone ruhr )
𔗳 𜎢 Reihe
𔓱 𔕑 𔗬 u v w ≈ 𜎆 𜎌
𔐤 na 𔐥 𔓵 ni₂/ní 𔓴 𔓳 𔕐 𓈖 nau 𜎖 𜎌
𔔓 kī₄ 𜑳 KŪ
𔗜 ku 𜐺 KU
𔕐 ia 𜎕𜎖𜎋 ou
𔕑 ia 𜎌𜎔 ou
𔓯 𔓱 𔓰 I 𜐅
𔓁 wì 𔓀 wí ≈ 𜐟 WA kinda
𔖪 za 𔖩 zi 𜒣 z 𜐇 ZE 𜐎 "arrows"

	|A	  |E	  |I	  |O 	  |U  

--------|-----|-------|-------|-------|-------|-
ø 𜎀 |𜎼 a|𜑁 e|𜐅 i|𜎌 o|𜎆 u|
b 𜐻𜎮 |𜑾 ba|𜎩 be|𜎯 bi|𜑹 bo|𜒔 bu| by 𜐣
c 𜒣 |𜏥 ca|𜐇 ce|𜐎 ci|𜎄 c2|𜑇 cu|
d 𜎅 |𜏂 da|𜑠 de|𜏧𜏨 di|𜏏 do|𜏝 du|
ḫ 𜎳𜑐 |𜎾 ḫa|𜎺 ḫe|𜑯 ḫi|𜏇 ḫo|𜐾 ḫu|
k 𜐳 |𜐩 ka|𜑤 ke|𜏌 ki|𜑳 kū|𜐺 ku|
l 𜓟 |𜎇 la|𜎫 le|𜐕 li|𜏻 lo|𜏿 lu|
m 𜏔 |𜏠 ma|𜎥 me|𜓚 mi|𜎎 mo|𜎷ƒ mu|
n 𜒉𜒇 |𜎂 na|𜐪 ne|𜑊𜑎 ni|𜎝 no|𜎜 nu|
p 𜐻𜎮 |𜑾 pa|𜎩 pe|𜎯 pi|𜑹 po|𜒔 pu|py 𜐣
r 𜏳 |𜏊 ra|𜏵 re|𜒋 ri|𜎢 ro|𜏞 ru|
s 𜑭 |𜒚 sa|𜑶 se|𜐰 si|𜎒 so|𜏼 su|
š 𜎗 |𜎊 ša|𜑷 še|𜑰 ši|𜓘 šo|𜓗 šu|
t 𜎅 |𜏂 ta|𜑠 te|𜏧𜏨 ti|𜏏 to|𜏝 tu|
v 𜎁 |𜎼 va|𜑁 ve|𜐅 vi|𜎌 vo|𜎆 vu|
w 𜎆 |𜐟 wa|𜎆 we|𜎆 vi|𜏡 wo|𜎆 wu|
z 𜒣 |𜏥 za|𜐇 ze|𜐎 ci|𜎄 zo|𜑇 zu|

Linear-Elamite Syllabary

x I A U 𜎇 ø ʿ
𜐅 𜎼 𜎌 𜎆 𜑁 𜎆
S 𜐰 𜒚 𜎏 𜏼 𜐐 𜑭
T 𜏧𜏨 𜏂 𜏏 𜏝 𜑠 𜎅 tetra!
Š 𜑰 𜎊 𜓘 𜓗 𜑷 𜎗 𜑐!
𜑯 𜎽 𜏇 𜐾 𜎺 𜑐 𜎽 ha 𜎾 hal!
K 𜏌 𜐩 𜑳 𜐺 𜑤 𜐳 𜐲 𜐵 𜐶 Kappa :
P 𜎯 𜑾 𜑿 𜑹 𜒔 𜎩 𜐻 (𜎮 hapax ) 𜐣 pi₁
M 𜓚 𜏠 𜎎 𜎷 𜎥 𜏩 𜏔
N 𜑊𜑎 𜎂 𜎝 𜎜 𜐪 𜒉 𜒇 𜑽
L 𜐕 𜎇 𜏻 𜏿 𜎫 𜓟
R 𜒋 𜏊 𜎢 𜏞 𜏵 𜏳
Wᵇ 𜐣 𜐟 𜏡 𜎆 𜎇? 𜎆 poly?
Z 𜐎 𜏥 𜎄 𜑇 𜐇 𜒣

Direct association with numbers, though almost guaranteed through 6*12=60 scheme, is uncertain, or impossible.
Likely separate pattern, since any sequence 𜎇 𜎆 𜑭 𜎅 three tetra is in conflict with inner signs 𜐐 𜏧 …

Syn & Sum

Since this syllabary was certainly practised like our ABC, we might look into poetry with similar metric:
5 morae
̄ ̆ ̄ cretic
̆ ̄ ̄ bacchius
6 morae
̄ ̆ ̆ ̄ choriamb
̆ ̆ ̄ ̄ ionic (a minore)

𒈝]] NUM
𒈱]][[𒋞

𜎅 me
The value me for is additionally confirmed by the fact that both the cuneiform Elamite syllable me (the suffix for abstract nouns) and the LE sign are optional in their actual use: cuneiform Elamite shows free variation between kušik-me u-me vs. kušik u-me “my construction” or sunki-me u-me vs. sunki u-me “my kingdom.” This pattern is reflected in LE sequences like vs. (Mäder et al. 2018: tabs. 12–14).

𐦊 ⋍ 𒐏 NIMIN
𐦊 ≈ 𓋞 ♒︎ Nabu 𒀭𒀝
𐦊 nauti 𐊾 ND carian letter

piṭātu
Use of pí, Egyptian archers

The archers were part of the Egyptian army, and often requested by the Canaanite vassal city-states, when writing to the Pharaoh in the Amarna letters. They were named the pitati, Akkadian language "piṭātu",[6] "troops of soldiers", and spelled in a variety of ways, often starting with the bi sign as pí.

A partial listing of spellings of "ERIM.MEŠ-pitati", by Amarna letter:

𓊪 𓏏 𓊪 𓏏 𓀜 | trample (enemies) | piétiner √pod ƥotƥot 2-feet defeat / kaputt +++
𓊪 𓏏 𓊪 𓏏 𓂻 | tread (roads), trample (enemies) | √pod piétiner (kaput) +++