Tomcat - samruddhipatil12/wiki-pages GitHub Wiki

What is Apache Tomcat?

Apache Tomcat, often just called Tomcat, is a type of software known as an "application server." More specifically, it is a "Java Servlet Container." This means it is designed to run Java applications, particularly those that are web-based.

Key Points About Tomcat:

  • Java-based: Tomcat is written in Java and primarily serves to run Java web applications.

  • Web Server and Servlet Container: It functions both as a web server (handling HTTP requests) and a servlet container (processing Java servlets).

  • Open Source: It is free to use and modify, thanks to its open-source nature under the Apache License.

What Does Tomcat Do?

  • Handles HTTP Requests: Like a web server, Tomcat can accept and respond to HTTP requests from web browsers. For example, when you visit a Java-based website, Tomcat processes these requests.

  • Runs Java Servlets: Java servlets are Java programs that run on the server side to generate dynamic web content. Tomcat executes these servlets.

  • Executes Java Server Pages (JSP): JSP is a technology used to create dynamically generated web pages based on HTML, XML, or other document types. Tomcat processes these pages and converts them into servlets.

How Tomcat Works ?

  • Receiving a Request: When you type a URL in your browser that points to a Java web application, your browser sends an HTTP request to the server where Tomcat is running.

  • Processing the Request: Tomcat receives the request. If the request is for a static resource (like an HTML page), Tomcat serves it directly. If the request is for a dynamic resource (like a servlet or JSP), Tomcat executes the corresponding Java code.

  • Generating a Response: After processing, Tomcat generates a response and sends it back to the browser. This response could be an HTML page, a JSON object, or any other type of web content.

Simple Analogy

Imagine a restaurant where:

The Web Server is like the waitstaff who take your order and bring you food. Tomcat (Servlet Container) is like the kitchen where the food is prepared. The kitchen knows how to cook specific dishes (Java servlets) and can create special orders based on what you want (dynamic content).

Why Use Tomcat?

  • Java Compatibility: If you're developing web applications in Java, Tomcat is designed specifically for this purpose.

  • Simplicity: It’s easier to set up and use compared to some other, more complex Java application servers.

  • Community and Support: Being open-source and widely used, there’s a lot of community support and documentation available.

Examples of Use

  • Educational Platforms: Many universities use Tomcat to run web-based applications for student portals.

  • E-commerce Websites: Java-based online stores often use Tomcat to handle the dynamic parts of their websites.

  • Internal Business Applications: Companies may use Tomcat to run internal tools and dashboards that are built using Java.

Conclusion :

Apache Tomcat is a powerful, Java-based application server that's used to run dynamic web applications. It handles both static and dynamic content and is an essential tool for Java developers creating web applications. It’s like the heart of a Java web application, making sure everything runs smoothly and efficiently.