EMSAfrica Monitor - prenner-eo/EMSAfricaMonitor Wiki

Welcome to the EMSAfricaMonitor

The EMSAfricaMonitor aims to provide easy-to-understand information for decision-making ranging from academic to governmental levels. This open-source tool offers you the possibility to analyze time series metrics derived from multi-temporal Sentinel data. You can calculate indices, investigate monthly composites, import additional data sets and learn about new remote sensing products that are relevant to your area of interest.

What do you get using the EMSAfrica Monitor?

How to use the EMSAfrica Monitor?

  • Click on the map to define your point of interest. #FFFF00 Add Point (Map)
  • Define the years you are interested in. Please note that data from 2019 onwards is available for South Africa! #E7FFD6 Select duration of interest
  • Choose an index from the list: #CCF2B3 Choose an index from the list
  • You can also view EMSAfrica products and external datasets. #9FD17D Data View

Indices and Composite

Information Scientific Index Explanation Source
Visible Light Red-Green-Blue The true color or ‘RGB’ composite uses visible light bands red, green and blue in a combination, resulting in a naturally colored image. This composite represents a good representation of the Earth as humans would see it naturally.
Agriculture SWIR-NIR-Blue The agriculture band combination uses SWIR-1 (B11), near-infrared (B8), and blue (B2). It’s mostly used to monitor the health of crops because of how it uses short-wave and near-infrared. Both these bands are particularly good at highlighting dense vegetation that appears as dark green.
Plant Health Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) is used to separate states of vegetation health. As greater chlorophyll content (greater NDVI value) leads to increased reflection of near-infrared (NIR) and green wavelengths, the NDVI can monitor important parameters such as water stress in plants. Equation
Burnt Areas Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR) The NBR is used to identify burned areas and provide a measure of burn severity. It is calculated as a ratio between the NIR and SWIR values. Equation USGS
Vegetation Moisture Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI) The NDMI is sensitive to moisture levels in vegetation. It is used to monitor droughts as well as monitor fuel levels in fire-prone areas. It uses NIR and SWIR bands to create a ratio designed to mitigate illumination and atmospheric effects. Equation
Bare Soil Adjusted Vegetation Modified Soil-Adjusted Vegetation Index (MSAVI) The MSAVI is an index designed to provide accurate data due to low vegetation or a lack of chlorophyll in the plants. It reduces the effect of the soil on the calculation of vegetation density in the field. Equation EOS Data Analytics
Bare Soil Bare soil index (BSI) The BSI shows all vegetation in green and barren ground in red colors. Water appears black. This index helps to discriminate the status of crops (growing, not yet growing), detect recent deforestation and monitor droughts. It can also be used to detect landslides or determine the extent of erosion in non-vegetated areas. Equation Sentinel-Hub by Sinergise

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This work was funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), the framework programme SPACES II (Science Partnerships for the Assessment of Complex Earth SystemProcesses in Southern Africa) and the EMSAfrica project (grant number 01LL1801E).