FAQ - NGnius/PowerTools Wiki


How does PowerTools work?

PowerTools interacts with the system in roughly the same way as outlined in here. PowerTools does not save any data by default; it reads and writes to the SteamOS system (mostly the Linux kernel). Since no data is saved, a reboot will reset all PowerTools settings back to default.

Why use PowerTools?

The settings made available through PowerTools allow you to tweak your Steam Deck for the best performance and/or battery life. PowerTools can be great for emulators which use too little performance, or for heavy games that use too much power.

How do I optimise my settings for a game?

A good first step is to turn on the performance overlay to see what resources are being used by the game. Then change the settings until the game is using the resources more effectively. This is mostly trial and error, but here are some tips:

  • If only a few CPU threads are being used heavily at one time, try reducing the amount of CPUs available so the remaining threads can run at a higher frequency
  • If the CPU is mostly idle but the GPU has high utilization, try reducing your graphics settings
  • If you have higher-than-necessary FPS, try reducing TDP and frequencies to a point just before the stuttering starts
  • If the CPU and GPU have reasonable utilization but you're experiencing stuttering, try reducing the CPU or GPU frequency to give the other one more power

What is CPU/GPU frequency?

The rate at which the processor does operations. A lower frequency means the processor will do less over the period of time. This is a balancing act between power efficiency (where a lower frequency is better) and performance (where higher frequency is better). That's why frequencies fluctuate depending on the processor load.

What is PowerPlay?

An AMD marketing term for their GPU (and APU) power management settings. PowerPlay is a Table (hence the initialism PPT) of power limits. Basically TDP.

Why does PowerTools only let me select some values?

There's a few reasons for this, depending on the values in question, but it all stems from limits imposed by (or to protect) the hardware. Most limits can be justified by the specs of the Steam Deck or the allowed values for a specific kernel API.

How do I reset to default settings?

Restart your Steam Deck. Nothing in PowerTools is persistent, unless you enable persistence (in which case: turn off the toggle, then restart your Deck). Or just press the Default button, but I'd imagine you would have found that already.

Why is X the default?

I don't know, ask Valve. Most of the defaults are pretty logical, so none of them should be too objectionable.

What does disabling SMT do?

The SMT toggle in PowerTools doesn't technically disable SMT. Instead it disables every second CPU, since every group of two CPUs is one logical CPU core.

Why does disabling SMT speed up some games?

I don't really know. My theory, which is backed by exactly zero research and experiments, is that since SMT increases performance of a single core by less than 100% (usually it's closer to 30-50%), that 150% performance gets split between two threads, effectively reducing each thread's performance to 75% when both threads are under heavy load. It would then follow that disabling one of those threads would restore the remaining thread to 100% performance.

TLA (Three Letter Acronyms)


Advanced Micro Devices: the company that makes the processor in the Steam Deck


"Accelerated" Processing Unit: the marketing term used by AMD for a CPU with an integrated GPU


Central Processing Unit: the main processor, the Steam Deck uses one with Zen2 architecture


Frames Per Second: the rate that images ("frames") are displayed on screen to create motion


Graphics Processing Unit: the graphics processor, the Steam Deck uses one with RDNA2 architecture


PowerPlay Table: the power settings for AMD GPUs


Quick Access Menu: the Steam Deck menu that comes up when you press the ... button


Simultaneous MultiThreading: The generic term for making one logical core act like more than one core, equivalent to Intel's "hyperthreading".


Thermal Design Power: technically the max sustained power usage of a computer chip, but is also colloquially used to mean power draw or limit.


No, that's five letters


Can this damage my Steam Deck?

Generally, user software can't damage hardware unless there are already existing issues. Of course, always use responsibly; don't be surprised by a fresh hole in the wall when swinging a hammer at it.

Can this overclock my Steam Deck?

No, and please don't overclock your Steam Deck. The Steam Deck is designed to run safely with ~20W of sustained power, so giving it more heat to deal with is a surefire way to reduce the lifespan of the device. If you design a custom cooler or dock for safe overclocking and want PowerTools to support it, send one to NGnius.

Does this work on SteamOS Beta versions?

Probably. It isn't tested on Beta because NGnius only has one Steam Deck, but the differences are usually too minor to cause major issues with PowerTools. Using PowerTools on SteamOS Beta isn't officially supported, which means bugs probably won't get fixed.

Does this work on <other handheld>?

No. Consider trying out HandyPT instead, since it has better support for other devices. If you're the manufacturer of <other handheld> and you want PowerTools to support it, send the device to NGnius. Or, if you've got way more money than sense, buy an extra device to send to NGnius.

Why am I stuck in an unhappy marriage?

Because your failure to communicate and/or get a divorce have left you trapped in a prison of your own creation.

This is really great, how can I support you?

I already make enough money, thanks. If you really want, donate to some FOSS foundation and/or support a project that's mission critical.