3. Normative references - GenomicsStandardsConsortium/mixs GitHub Wiki

MIxS specification relies on several other standards and ontologies, in whole or in part, which are normatively referenced in the specification and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies.


  1. NIST Special Publications 811 (Guide for the Use of the International System of Units) and 330 (The International System of Units) A brief summary of the SI, the modern metric system of measurement
  2. ISO 8601 Representation of dates and times; an international standard covering the exchange of date and time-related data


  1. Chemical Entities of Biological Interest Ontology (CHEBI) A structured classification of chemical compounds of biological relevance
  2. Crop Ontology (CO) An ontology of validated concepts along with their inter-relationships on anatomy, structure and phenotype of Crops, on trait measurement and methods as well as on Germplasm with the multi-crop passport terms
  3. Disease Ontology (DO) A standardized ontology for human disease with the purpose of providing the biomedical community with consistent, reusable and sustainable descriptions of human disease terms, phenotype characteristics and related medical vocabulary disease concepts
  4. Environment Ontology (ENVO) A domain ontology concerned with "environments" of all kinds and aims to promote standardisation and interoperability of diverse data sets through the concise, controlled description of environment types across several levels of granularity
  5. Experimental Factor Ontology (EFO) An application focused ontology modelling the experimental variables in multiple resources at the EBI and Open Targets
  6. Foundational Model of Anatomy Ontology (FMA) An ontology for the representation of classes or types and relationships necessary for the symbolic representation of the phenotypic structure of the human body
  7. Gazetteer (GAZ) An open source gazetteer, constructed on ontological principles, that describes places and place names and the relations between them
  8. INSDC Country controlled vocabulary Based on the list of countries or areas used for statistical processing purposes by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Secretariat
  9. Ontology for Biomedical Investigations (OBI) an ontology of investigations, the protocols and instrumentation used, the material used, the data generated and the types of analysis performed on it
  10. Phenotypic Quality Ontology (PATO) An ontology of phenotypic qualities (properties, attributes or characteristics)
  11. Plant Ontology (PO) A structured vocabulary and database resource that links plant anatomy, morphology and growth and development to plant genomics data
  12. Plant Experimental Conditions Ontology (PECO) Describes the treatments, growing conditions, and/or study types used in plant biology experiments